Wednesday, September 3, 2014

8.22.2014 Tennessee Civil War Notes

   22, "…this vile heresy of Secession."

WHAT PARSON BROWNLOW SAYS.-The WashingtonRepublican publishes a private letter from Parson Brownlow, editor of the Knoxville (Tennessee) Whig, in which this passage occurs:-

"An order has been made at Richmond, to suppress the publication of the Knoxville Whig, but the notice has not been served on me yet. I have given them the devil in this day's paper, and I shall continue to say just what I please, until my office is closed or destroyed by brute force.

"They have about run me ashore in a pecuniary sense-broke up my business-withheld all letters containing subscriptions; and thus I am driven to the wall with more subscribers on my list than the eight Secession papers of East Tennessee all put together. But I will starve, or beg my bread of Union men, before I will surrender to this vile heresy of Secession.

"With my best wishes, I am, etc.,

"W.G. Brownlow."

Philadelphia Inquirer, August 22, 1861.



        22, "Yankees & negroes, negroes & Yankees!"

....Little Mary came up tonight and asked for her bed clothes to take in camp or somewhere else. Yankees & negroes [sic], negroes [sic] and Yankees! Hurrah!...went to town-bustle, an unpleasant place to the eye and nose.

Robert H. Cartmell Diary.

        22, Reconnaissance McMinnville toward Pikeville.

HDQRS. FIRST DIVISION, ARMY OF THE OHIO, McMinnville, August 24, 1862.

Gen. BUELL, Decherd:

A reconnoitering party under Maj. Laughlin, First Ohio Cavalry, sent by me toward Pikeville day before yesterday, has just returned, Maj. Laughlin reports that he encountered the enemy's advance scouts at Spencer and gained reliable intelligence from one or two citizens that a force of 2,000 or 3,000 infantry and some artillery was then at Pikeville, and that the enemy intended advancing on this place by two or three routes. A party sent out last night on the Chattanooga road report the enemy's pickets at Beersheba and a force behind in Sequatchie Valley. I have been delayed until this time waiting for the return of compliance with your last orders. Gen. Wood's division will be at the foot of the mountain, if not at the Pass, to-night.

GEO. H. THOMAS, Maj.-Gen., U. S. Volunteers.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 16, pt. II, p. 410.

        22, A skirmish at Cumberland Gap

I have been with a detail on picket duty all night. We were fired on to-day by two regiments of yankee infantry and driven in. One of our men was killed and one wounded. We fell back in good order to our base and formed line of battle, but the enemy did not advance. They brought with them a battery with which they gave us a few charges of grape, also the heavy batteries on the mountain opened on us with shell, but without damage. They soon retired, and we are now occupying our former picket ground.

Diary of William E. Sloan.

        22, Confederate guerrilla recruitment and methods in Tennessee

New Southern Mode of Enlistment.

In Shelby and other counties of Tennessee, the rebel authorities have hit upon the honorable plan of enlisting men for home duty, giving the following interpretation and definition of that duty. The recruit is regularly sworn but not [sic] uniformed, mustered into service, but detailed to special duty on his own farm to act in concert with his neighbors similarly enrolled and detailed. When these bucolic legionnaires see a chance to shoot a picket, burn a bridge or run out a Union man, they remember they are soldiers of the Confederate States Army, or Confederate Stealing Association and do the job. When a Federal detachment comes along to hunt the rebels, the "soldiers" remember they are farmers, and come to the office with demands for protection or answer all inquiries with – "don't know a thing about it." Now this may be a very convenient thing for the framers, but it is rather exasperating to the detachment of undisguised solders of the nation; and gives them a clear and palpable right to treat such men as their crimes deserve. Our troops are fast discovering the guile and seeing through the flimsy veil; and for the sake of humanity and justice we do trust they will treat such men as their duplicity, cowardice and crimes deserve.

Where lurk guerrillas long, there the people are their coadjutors and deserve the punishment due to all accessories to crime.

Memphis Union Appeal, August 22, 1862.



        22, Running skirmish from Blythe's Ferry to Tennessee River and Washington

HDQRS. TWENTY-FIRST ARMY CORPS, Dunlap, Tenn., August 22, 1863--9 a. m.

Brig.-Gen. GARFIELD, Chief of Staff, Stevenson:

Your dispatch of yesterday acknowledging receipt of and satisfaction with my various dispatches and movements, which gratifies me, is received. Minty arrived at Morganton yesterday at 9 a. m. His scouts to Washington drove a force of 150 rebels from Morganton to Tennessee River, which they crossed below Washington. His scouts to Blythe's Ferry found the enemy (two Mississippi regiments under Col. Lowrey) busy throwing up intrenchments across the river, which is from 700 to 800 yards wide at that point. There was no artillery at the ferry, but it was expected daily. Van Cleve's communication, front and rear, is interrupted. Palmer has just returned, leaving Hazen's brigade at Poe's Tavern, and Wilder's two regiments opposite Harrison. He reports enemy busy with spade, and confirms previous reports of strength of enemy there. He reports that Hazen can almost sustain his command for a week without drawing supplies from here. The universal opinion is that had you not moved, Bragg would have advanced to Kentucky via Kingston with 20,000 men and his cavalry. The people further believe that we are to be left in possession of this side of the river. Wood reports Wagner on the bluff opposite Chattanooga watching Wilder endeavoring to destroy steam-boats and pontoons lying under Chattanooga.

Palmer met Dr. McGraw, who claimed to be in the employ of Gen. Thomas, who reports Bragg at Cleveland with 15,000 infantry lying from Cleveland down, Polk on the river from Kingston down, Buckner at Knoxville with about 5,000 men. Palmer also learns rebels uneasy about Rome. Road to Harrison similar to road we have passed over. Will send you to-day Palmer's written report together with sketch of position at Harrison. I would respectfully suggest that if we are likely to remain here long enough our supply train be unloaded and all sent back to McMinnville and Tracy City for additional supplies.

T. L. CRITTENDEN, Maj.-Gen., Comdg.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, pp. 117-118.


DUNLAP, August 23, 1863--12 m.

Brig.-Gen. GARFIELD, Chief of Staff:

Minty dispatches from Smith's Cross-Roads, dated 3 a. m. this morning, that the enemy is crossing at Blythe's Ferry and at the mouth of Sale Creek. He moved back in direction of Poe's Tavern. A small force of Forrest's men attacked his forage party yesterday, and were driven through Washington by his scouts there...

* * * *


OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 137.



Capt. OTIS, Asst. Adjt. Gen., Third Div., Twenty-first Army Corps:

SIR: I arrived at this place at 9 this a. m., and immediately sent scouts to Blythe's Ferry and Washington. The scouts to Washington drove a force of 150 rebels before them from this place across the Tennessee River below Washington.

The scouts to Blythe's Ferry found the enemy (two Mississippi regiments, under Col. Lowrey) busy throwing up intrenchments across the river, which is from 700 to 800 yards wide at that point. On my men leaving the river bank they were fired on and one of the Fourth Regulars severely wounded. There is no artillery at the ferry, but it is expected daily.

My rations run out in the morning. I must depend upon you to supply me. Forage is not so plentiful as you appeared to think. There is very little corn to be had. The position here is not good. I must keep possession of the brow of the mountain. Fifty men ought to be able to prevent a division from ascending.

I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

R. H. G. MINTY, Col., Comdg. Cavalry.

When sending supplies I wish you would send as many of my men as possible. Maj. Gray, Fourth Michigan, is in command of the camp.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, pp. 124-125.

        22, Artillery skirmish at Chattanooga

No circumstantial reports filed.

Excerpt from the correspondence of Brigadier-General Thomas J. Wood to Chief of Staff, General. J. Garfield, relative to artillery skirmish at Chattanooga, August 22, 1863.

CAMP SECOND BRIGADE, 19 MILES FROM CHATTANOOGA, August 23, 1863. (Via Cowan, 8.30 a. m., 24th.)

Gen. GARFIELD, Chief of Staff:


* * * *

Col. Wilder had another bout with the batteries at Chattanooga, and the sharpshooters have frequent and sometimes sharp work, so they say. I cannot vouch for the fact.

* * * *

TH. J. WOOD, Brig.-Gen.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 137.


MONROE, August 25, 1863--10.30 a. m.

(Received 11 a. m.)

Maj.-Gen. HALLECK:

Richmond papers of the 24th instant have been received, from which the following extracts of telegraphic dispatches from Charleston are made:

CHATTANOOGA, August 22-noon.

A force of some strength appeared on the opposite side of the river yesterday about 10 o'clock, and commenced shelling the place without warning. Our batteries replied promptly, and the artillery duel continued until 5 p. m. A little girl, daughter of F. G. Roche, of Nashville, was mortally wounded; also one lady. The ferryman at the river was badly wounded. All quiet to-day.

E. E. POTTER, Chief of Staff.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 161.[1]



        22, A Bender in Smoky Row, Nashville

The women of Smoky Row got on a big spree last night; three of them-Laura Hickman, Jane Johnson, and Liz. Adcock, were on a jolly drunk in a hack, while Belle Wallace and Fanny Ames were running a race on horseback. The Carson and Morgan war resumed last night, particulars of which will be developed in the Recorder's Court this morning.

Nashville Dispatch, August 23, 1864.

[1] See also: OR, Ser. I, Vol. 28, pt. II, p. 63.

James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214


(615)-532-1549  FAX


James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214

(615)-770-1090 ext. 123456

(615)-532-1549  FAX


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