Thursday, April 21, 2011

April 22 TN Civil War notes

            22, Anxious telegram communication between Governor Isham G. Harris and L. P. Walker, Secretary of War, relative to need for arms in Tennessee

NASHVILLE, April 22, 1861.


Have you any arms that you can spare to Tennessee? If so, of what character? I know of no market at which they can be procured immediately.


MONTGOMERY, April 22, 1861.

Governor ISHAM G. HARRIS, Nashville, Tenn.:

Some days ago I ordered 1,500 muskets and some heavy guns to Memphis. In my dispatch to-day I propose to furnish the three regiments asked for. If more can be done for you, you may rest assured it shall be.


NASHVILLE, April 22, 1861.


Can you send me an experienced ordnance officer to supervise, for a short time, the casting, testing, &c., of ordnance? It is indispensable.


MONTGOMERY, ALA., April 22, 1861.

Governor ISHAM G. HARRIS, Nashville:

Will send you ordnance officer as soon as one can be had. You may rely on this.


OR, Ser. I, Vol. 52, pt. II, pp. 63-64.



            23, Confederate Proclamation Tennessee


The major-general commanding this department, charged with the enforcement of martial law, believing that many of its citizens have been misled into the commission of treasonable acts through ignorance of their duties and obligations to their State, and that many have actually fled across the mountains and joined our enemies under the persuasion and misguidance of supposed friends but designing enemies, hereby proclaims:

1st. That no person so misled who comes forward, declares his error, and takes the oath to support the Constitution of the State and of the Confederate States shall be molested or punished on account of past acts or words.

2d. That no person so persuaded and misguided as to leave his home and join the enemy who shall return within thirty days of the date of this proclamation, acknowledge his error, and take and oath to support the Constitution of the State and of the Confederate States shall be molested or punished on account of past acts or words.

After thus announcing his disposition to treat with the utmost clemency those who have been led away from the true path of patriotic duty the major-general commanding furthermore declares his determination henceforth to employ all the elements at his disposal for the protection of the lives and property of the citizens of East Tennessee, whether from the incurious of the enemy or the irregularities of his own troops and for the suppression of all treasonable practices.

He assures all citizens engaged in cultivating their farms that he will protect them in their rights, and that he will suspend the militia draft under the State laws that they me raise crops for consumption in the coming year.

He invokes the zealous co-operation of the authorities and of all good people to aid him in his endeavors.

The courts of criminal jurisdiction will continue to exercise their functions, save the issuing of writs of habeas corpus. Their writs will be served and their decrees executed by the aid of the military when necessary.

When the courts fail to preserve the peace or punish offenders against the laws these objects will be attained through the action of military tribunals and the exercise of the force of his command.

E. KIRBY SMITH, Maj.-Gen., Cmdg. Department of East Tennessee.

HDQRS. DEPARTMENT OF EAST TENNESSEE, Office Provost-Marshal, April 23, 1862.

To the Disaffected People of East Tennessee:

The undersigned, in executing martial law in this department, assures those interested, who have fled to the enemy's lines and who are actually in their army, that he will welcome their return to their homes and their families. They are offered amnesty and protection if they come to lay down their arms and act as loyal citizens within the thirty days given them by Maj.-Gen. E. Kirby Smith to do so.

At the end of that time those failing to return to their homes and accept the amnesty thus offered and provide for and protect their wives and children in East Tennessee will have them sent to their care in Kentucky or beyond the Confederate States lines at their own expense.

All that leave after this date with a knowledge of the above acts their families will be sent immediately after them. The women and children must be taken care of by husbands and fathers either in East Tennessee or in the Lincoln Government.

W. M. CHURCHWELL, Col. and Provost-Marshal.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 10, pt. II, pp. 640-641. [1]



            22, Coercing loyalty

At order of Brigadier-General R. B. Mitchell, all white persons over the age of eighteen years residing in the lines of his command were compelled to subscribe to the oath of allegiance or non-combatant's parole, or go South.

Rebellion Record, Vol. 6, p. 66.

            22, "Military Items."

Twenty-three Federal deserters were forwarded to their regiments this morning.

Geo. Smith, of the 4th U. S. Cavalry, was arrested yesterday and sent to the Penitentiary for forging discharge papers.

Sergeant G. Sanderson, company B, 4th Iowa Infantry, was stabbed in the neck yesterday by a guard at the barracks. The guard will be tried by court [sic] martial today.

Three prisoners of war were brought in yesterday, and will be forwarded this morning.

A. M. Bailey, a rebel soldier, charged with murder and highway robbery, is being tried by the Military Commission.

W. C. Raylor is released upon bail, to be tried by the Court at Murfreesboro next month.

Nashville Dispatch, April 22, 1864.

            22, "Counterfeit Hundreds."

Jacob Hanlon, who keeps a store at No. 4 Market street, a few night's ago sold a pair of shoes to a man named Geo. Kelly, and received in pay a hundred dollar bill, which proved to be bogus. He charged but three dollars for the shoes, and therefore gave in change ninety-seven dollars. Hanlon was before the Provost Marshal yesterday, but no Geo. Kelly can be found.

Nashville Dispatch, April 22, 1864.

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