Friday, March 9, 2012

March 9 - Tennessee Civil War Notes

9, Skirmish on Granny White Pike, Nashville 
MARCH 9, 1862.--Skirmish on Granny White's Pike, near Nashville, Tenn.
Report of Col. John S. Scott, First Louisiana Cavalry.
Columbia, March 10, 1862.
SIR: On yesterday morning a detachment of 40 men from my regiment, under command of Capt. G. A. Scott, of Company E, met a body of the enemy, consisting of two companies and numbering about 100 men, on the Granny White's Pike, 6 miles from Nashville. A skirmish ensued, in which we killed 12 of the enemy, running them off, and burning their tents, &c. 
Our loss consisted of 1 man killed and 1 mortally wounded. From the best information I can procure the enemy have concentrated about 32,000 to 35,000 men in the vicinity of Nashville. Their largest encampment appears to be on the Charlotte Pike, where they appear to have large means of land transportation, such as wagons, mules, &c.
With a small addition to my force I think they could be prevented from marauding to any great extent. If furnished with sacks, a good deal of corn, wheat, &c., could be sent out of this country within the next ten days.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. S. SCOTT, First Louisiana Cavalry.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 10, pt. I, pp. 7-8.



9, A case of mistaken identity during an expedition by the 7th Kansas and 4th Illinois Cavarly
Monday, 9th -- We are in marching order o­n time 250 strong under command of Maj. Merriman. We moved east to Colliersville, then north three miles across Wood [Wolf?] River, where we were joined by 120 men of the 4th Ill. Cavalry under Col Wallace who assumed command of the expedition. We continued our march thorough Fisherville, which is o­nly a name of a neighborhood, and about noon passed Hickory With [Wythe]. Here we fed horses. While there, our rear guard was fired upon by a party of citizens and o­ne of our outpost pickets was captured. Passing o­n from there we crossed the Hatchy [sic] River. A Union man by the name of Forbes mistook us for rebels in disguise and fired upon our advance. In the skirmish which followed he killed o­ne of our men and wounded another. His house was fired to burn him out as he was strongly barricaded inside. When he came out and learned his mistake he was very sorry, as were we. He was seriously wounded in the hand. He was a strong Union man and had been active as a scout and spy for us, and could live at ;home but little o­n account of the rebel sentiment all around him....
Pomeroy Diaries, March 9. 1863.




   9, Federal situation report, New Market, Strawberry Plains, Mossy Creek, Morristown, Bulls' Gap, mouth of Chucky River Bend
NEW MARKET, March 9, 1864.
Maj.-Gen. SCHOFIELD, Knoxville:
Have just returned from Mossy Creek. Deserters and citizens continue to come in, but their news does not reach beyond Bull's Gap, where Buckner is said to be. Vaughn's brigade is still at Rogersville and does not number over 400 or 500 in all, partly mounted and partly foot. A cavalry outpost at Chucky Bend. o­ne man who came through from Greeneville, o­n Friday last, reports some troops scattered between Greeneville and Bull's Gap, but cannot say how many. At Greeneville he inquired if an office he saw guarded was Johnson's, and was told, no; it was Longstreet's. Supposed Longstreet was there, but does not know.
A rebel cavalry party, 30 or 40 strong, is reported at Massengale's Mill, o­n north side of Holston, about 8 miles above Strawberry Plains, yesterday. Col. Garrard sends a party across to-day to look after them. A regiment goes to Morristown to support a cavalry reconnaissance toward Bull's Gap, and another to Mouth of Chucky for same purpose to-day. I have directed every possible means to be used to get immediately some definite information of the condition of affairs beyond Bay's Mountain. My own belief it that Longstreet is gone, and that Buckner is left in command of whatever force remains. Upon examination it is found that the small trestle bridge at Mossy Creek was partially cut by the rebels with the intent doubtless to make a trap for our first train. I have directed, if possible. I would suggest the examination of the whole line above the Plains wherever there is a bridge or wooden culvert.
The troops at Mossy Creek have an average of 70 rounds of musket ammunition, and Wood's from 40 to 50. The Ninth Corps and Wood's have some at Strawberry Plains. I telegraphed Gen. Potter this morning the amount of cannot ammunition. Gen. Stoneman reports that some riding animals could be bought at less than common Government rates in the country, and I have directed him to let his corps quartermaster make the purchases and turn the animals over, for the present, to the dismounted officers. Do you approve this? It will somewhat diminish the number to be furnished.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. D. COX, Brig.-Gen.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 32, pt. III, pp. 43-44.



March 9-10, 1865, Guerrilla activity, lynching and robbery in and near Memphis
Killing, Robbing and Whipping.
The Memphis Bulletin of the 9th and 10th has the following pleasant record:
A very inoffensive young man, named Allender, who lives near the State Line Road, was out shooting o­n last Tuesday with a small shot gun, when he was met by guerrillas, who ordered him to give up his gun. He refused, saying that as it was for o­nly firing small shot, it would be useless to them. The guerrillas advanced to take the gun, when Allender prevented it, threatening to shoot if any o­ne assailed him....the guerrillas drew their revolvers and shot him dead. They then rifled his pocke[te]d, and stripping the body, carried off the clothes.-Memphis Bulletin, 9th.
GUERRILLA OUTRAGE-Two Southern Men Hung.-Two men who had been into Memphis with teams and colored drivers, to sell cotton, were, o­n Tuesday, going out o­n the Hernando road, and when a few miles from the city, they were met by guerrillas, who charged them with being Union men. The imputation was denied, but this did not satisfy the guerrillas, who robbed them of a considerable sum of money whipped the negro drivers in a most inhuman manner, and finally hung the two cotton sellers, whose names were White and Johnson. From o­ne of these murdered men the guerrillas took over three hundred dollars.-Memphis Bulletin, 9th.
COTTON BUYER HUNG.- A man named George Sterling, who lived outside the line o­n the Raleigh road, and has been accustomed to purchase cotton and bring it into Memphis, was caught o­n last Wednesday by guerrillas, who robbed him of $500, and then hung him.-Ib.
WHIPPING AND HANGING.-A Bloody Fight.-Two men, names Robert Jackson and Wm. Flood, own farms o­n the Hernando road, ten or eleven miles from the city, and had both been reported guerrillas when the occasion offered. Some misunderstanding recently occurred between them and this led to a collision o­n Wednesday. They fought with bowie knives, and the contest was of the most desperate and sanguinary character. o­ne of the men was almost literally hacked to pieced, and lived but a few minutes. The other still lives, but is dangerously wounded., Ib., 10th.
DARING ROBBERIES-Increase of Crime.-A man named Flannegan, an employee o­n the steamer Fanny, was going through Shelby street last Wednesday night, and a short distance from the Gayoso House was assailed by two men, o­ne of whom sprang from behind a post and the other from an alley. Having no warning, he was unable to defend himself, and being knocked down, he was, while insensible, robbed of o­ne hundred and twenty dollars. The desperadoes escaped before Flannegan recovered his senses.
A man named John Dunn was going up the wharf last Wednesday night, when two men met and asked him the time of night. Mr. Dunn pulled out his watch to give the desired information, when o­ne of the rascals grabbed it and started to run. Dunn called loudly for the watch, and ran after the escaping thief, but the accomplice tripped him up, and they escaped before he regained his perpendicular.
The house of Mrs. Richards, o­n Poplar street, was entered by two burglars early o­n Wednesday evening. They asked her whether she had any money, and getting no satisfactory answer, the rummaged her house and found fifteen dollars. Mrs. Richards screamed for help, but o­ne of the rascals seized had compelled her by threats to keep quiet, until, having secured her watch and a lot of clothing, they escaped.
William Watson was going through Beal street near the market o­n Monday night, when he was knocked down and robbed of sixty dollars.
New Orleans Times, March 15, 1865.

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