Wednesday, September 26, 2012

September 26 - Tennessee Civil War Notes

26, Federals retreat, Confederate attack on pickets
HDQRS. FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, Chattanooga, September 26, 1863--6.45 a. m.
Maj.-Gen. ROSECRANS, Comdg. Department of the Cumberland:
GEN.: I have the honor to report that the enemy attacked the pickets of Gen. Brannan's command at daylight this morning with infantry, and obliged them to retire a short distance. The main attack appeared to be against Gen. Crittenden's right. Several prisoners were taken who report the force mostly from Breckinridge's command, also that the main force of the enemy are camped on Mission Ridge east of us. Our pickets have resumed their original position.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
GEO. H. THOMAS, Maj.-Gen., U. S. Volunteers.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 874.

26, A Bolivar schoolgirl witnesses a skirmish between guerrillas and Federal cavalry near “the Springs” 
We were all starting to the Springs* to pay a visit [for] a few days when the Yankees came in and had a skirmish with about ten guerillas [sic]. The guerillas [sic] ran of course, as they were but half armed, mounted and clothed, while the Yanks were armed and equipped well and out numbered the guerillas [sic] three to one.
Diary of Sally Wendel Fentress, September 26, 1863.*Ed. note - Perhaps Rogers Springs about 12 miles south of Bolivar.

26, “Refugees.”
We took a stroll in the vicinity of the Chattanooga depot yesterday morning, and witnessed some interesting sights. About twenty box cars filled with refugees, principally from the late confederate city of Atlanta, were upon the track, awaiting orders to proceed further northward. Each car appeared to contain a separate family, and many of the occupants did not wear the wretched aspect one would suppose, after making such a lengthy journey with such limited accommodations. A large portion of them were children, the apparent ages of many of whom would seem to indicate that all the able-bodied male population of the South had not abandoned the peace and quiet of family joys for the field of Mars. Some appeared to have been in comfortable circumstances, and they appeared to like the change.
Nashville Daily Times and True Union, September 26, 1864.

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