Thursday, November 21, 2013

11/20/2013 Tennessee Civil War Notes

        20, "For Brigadier-General."

An election is to be held on Saturday next, the 23d instant, for Brigadier-General of this (the 16th) Brigade of Tennessee Militia. The counties composing this Brigade District are Davidson, Cheatham and Dixon. In view of the fact that the militia of the State will be called into service, the election of militia officers has assumed a degree of importance that did not before this time attach to military elections. Our well-known fellow-citizen, Col. Thomas T. Smiley, is announced as a candidate for General of this Brigade. As a member of Gen. Foster's staff, at Camp Cheatham, Col. Smiley rendered valuable service in that great school of military instruction, where such an immense number of Tennessee soldiers learned their first lesson in the art of war, and in all respect showed himself admirably fitted for the position he there occupied. To say this much to the voters of the district, nearly all of whom know Col. S. [sic] to be worthy [of] the place he seeks, in only necessary because possibly some voters in the district are not personally acquainted with that gallant soldier and excellent gentleman.

Nashville Daily Gazette, November 20, 1861.



20, Newspaper report on Federal and Confederate activities in Middle and East Tennessee

The War in Tennessee.

Gen. Rosecrans and his command are within 12 miles of Nashville. Bragg, without an army, was in command at Willlahonia. The rebels in Knoxville for their army. Leading rebels in East Tennessee are preparing to leave for the South. The rebels are not expected to make a stand this side of Chattanooga. The tunnels on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad are expected to be completed by Sunday.

Pittsfield Sun, November 20, 1862.



        20, Small pox in occupied Murfreesboro, an excerpt from the diary of John C. Spence

[Small pox]...has been raging here to some extent since the summer. Is [sic] mostly confined to the negro population. Some white persons caught the disease, a few died with it. A great many negros [sic] have fallen victims [sic] to the disease. It is a great wonder the plague has not been of a more alarming nature, as there were such a large number of negros [sic] in from the country, fit subjects, one in ten who had been vaccinated, and it being almost impossible to keep them from mixing about through one an other [sic]. They seem to be like rats [sic], [and] are going at all times and places.

The army had a hospital built for that purpose, on the bank of the river near the Nashville pike. At this place the cases were moved to as fast as they were found out, which is the cause of the disease being kept down.

Being told by one of the negros [sic], who had been sick there, said the Drs [sic] and nurses paid little attention, or cared, whether or not the got well....Says as soon as the breath was out, they would lay the dead out side [sic] of the door, sometimes lay [sic] there a day or two before they were moved or buried....Large number died. [sic]

If this tale be true....It shews [sic] one of the modes of emancipation for the slave, making them free indeed.

Spence Diary.


James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214

(615)-532-1550  x115

(615)-532-1549  FAX


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