Sunday, May 29, 2016

May 26, 1868 - Southern History

On May 26, 1868, the Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson ended with his acquittal as the Senate fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority required for conviction.

Friday, May 27, 2016

Notes from Civil War Tennessee, May 27, 1861-1865.

Notes from Civil War Tennessee,

May 27, 1861-1865.




          27, Fear of a slave insurrection in Madison County

….Went to town this evening[,] while there a message was sent to Jackson from up about Mr. Pinson that there was an insurrection among the negroes [sic] headed by white men. A company [of soldiers] from Memphis was sent on the cars & [a] good many citizens with double barreled shotguns [also went]. Proved to be a false report, started by some fellow shooting a repeater 4 or 5 times in front of a house where some women were.

Robert H. Cartmell Diary.



          27, Activities of the Society of Southern Mothers, Memphis

Mrs. W. S. Pickett, vice president of the society of Southern Mothers would, in behalf of the society, most sincerely thank the ladies of Memphis for their promptness in responding to the call made upon them for aid in making up garments for the sick and wounded soldiers. We are pleased to learn with what alacrity the call was obeyed, and cannot but think that it must be as great source of gratification to our brave soldiers in the field to know that while they are battling for all they hold most dear, "those whom they love and leave at home" are not unmindful of their wants but are laboring with ready and willing hands for their comfort in the days to come.

Memphis Argus, May 27, 1862.

          27, "We do not like our Brigadier Gen. he is a drunken braggart, and wholly unfit to command, he has been vainly attempting to occupy with our little army; to the side of the C.[umberland] Mountains at once." Confederate Assistant Surgeon Sam Houston Hynds' letter home from Big Creek Gap, to his mother, Ann Hynds in Dandridge, Jefferson County

Big Creek Gap

May 27/62

Your letter directed to me at this place came safely to hand, as usual, glad to hear from you and from Dandridge. I am not surprised that you wonder at the miraculous marches we have made since we left Knoxville early in the Spring. We have been, it seems to me, in every nook and corner in these Mountains [sic] hunting up those interesting aids of Old Abes [sic] Army "Styled Home Guards" [sic] these pious and puritanic [sic] soldiers are composed of the ignorant Mountaineers [sic] who are too lazy to run and consequently unfit to serve Old Abe in the Regular Army. But from their knowledge of the mountains they are able to skulk about and murder our pickets and destroy the property of innocent persons under the covers [sic] of the "Stars & Stripes." A few Sundays ago I was sent with a detached Corps from our Brigade to scout in the mountains, and if possible to ascertain the position of a Federal band, said to be stationed on Pine Mountain 15 miles from our present encampments, a portion of our corps engaged a number of "Jay Hawkers" about half way [into] our journey, one killed, one dead wounded, another badly [,] took 7 prisoners and captured a lot of guns, ammunition and camp equipment of ours. One Lieut. [sic] was wounded badly in the head from the ax in the hands of an old woman, our boys did not kill the old woman as has been reported, they only knocked her in the head with a gun and left her for dead, but she was not badly hurt [.] I saw her myself in less than a half hour after the fight. I have seen some very narrow risks since I have been in the Mountains, but have so far escaped unharmed.

Perhaps the narrowest risk I have seen since I have been in the Army occurred while I was at Kingston. I came very nearly being captured and held as a prisoner for life by a very facisinating [sic] young lady of that Village. [sic] It required the combined forces of resolution and determination to get me released but now I am safe again, yet extremely anxious to visit the place where I came so near falling a victim to woman's charm. You see, I was Ast. [sic]. Surgeon in the Kingston Hospital and some power devine [sic] laid low with the fever my fair ones Grand-mother. [sic] Of course I was called on to officiate in the capacity of the Good Samaritan. Many were the proffessional [sic] airs I put on, and large were the pills of bread I administered to cure the poor old woman. The same power that had laid her low soon came and restored every wound in nature and I was crowned with honor and respect besides being permitted to visit the family at my pleasure and without ceremony. I now found that while in the presence of Miss Emilee I had not forgotten entirely some of my old accomplishment, and as my visits were by no means disagreeable, either to Miss Emilee or myself, I thought I might just as well use them as not. I cannot tell you everything that happened to me during my short stay in Kingston, Yet [sic] I assure you I am by no means displeased with what has passed between the fair Miss Emilee and myself. We have just returned from a March up the Powels [sic] Valley. We were within 7 miles of Cumberland Gap when we received the news of our Victory at the Pond Gap, we rested one day and turned back we never have been just at the Cumberland Gap yet. [sic] We do not like our Brigadier Gen. he is a drunken braggart, and wholly unfit to command, he has been vainly attempting to occupy with our little army; to the side of the C.[umberland] Mountains at once. [sic] I have no idea what his next move will be as he must be convinced by this time that his former plans must prove fatal.

Our Reg[iment]. has re-organized Col. Vaughn[1] is still the Col. Reese and Morgan are out. Ross is Captain of Co. A and David is 3rd, Lieut. We are all getting along finely. [sic]

I am sorry to hear of Mollie's ill health. I fear it will not improve unless she can add more pleasure to duty. I have no idea when I will visit Dandridge, if I am released by the 6th, [sic] of June I will either go to Richmond or Charleston[,] South Carolina. More likely to Richmond, Va. unless the great fight on the coast has been fought. My present intention is not to stop in E. Tenn in anyplace. In fact, I don't' want to visit Dandridge under ten years perhaps, by that time it will be free of some of its worst faulty. I have no idea when I will be released, I can be pressed into service as [a] Physician [sic]-you spoke of a box of clothes, I have never received by one box of clothing from anyone, since the one you and George sent me while I was at Centerville, [sic] Virginia. I heard of another being sent but it never came to hand. I suppose it was destroyed at Manassas during the evucation [sic] of Gen. Johnson. The only news from the place is that the enemy; 10,000 strong are removing the blockade from these Gaps. They killed one of our spies yesterday, another went out this morning, he told us all good-by [sic] and said he would not return that he would be killed, that his brother was lying at that time dead on the ground (the one who was killed yesterday evening) that his father had been killed sometime since that his family had been scattered by the vandles [sic], and he intended to release them or to bring them into our encampment or follow his brother through the "Valley of Death. ["] He is a straight, tall, and powerful man, brave to a fault and to the cause of liberty.

Give my love to all in general and Grand-ma in particular. I would like to see Grand-ma, but I have no time to lose now. Mollie is due me a letter I wrote to her from Kingston. Write soon.

Yours Affectionately,

Sam Houston Hynds

W. P. A. Civil War Records, Vol. I, pp. 93-94.[2]

          27, Kate Carney's reaction to news her brother Will who took the Oath of Allegiance in Murfreesboro

Why didn't he die before returning to bring eternal disgrace on the family. He has ever been a draw back. I could have stood him dying so much better, but I know Bro. John will not take the oath. I had rather our throats cut, or turned beggars on the world than that Bro. John should disgrace himself by taking that dirty oath. How little Brother Will thinks of his family. It will ever be a stain on his poor little children. I blame Mr. Butler as much as I do him, for he tried to hide him & then to think sent for Bill Spence, the last man in the world, & one he could not have given more pleasure than to have had to take the oath. Bill Spence said he would have revenge on Ma for treating him so, & I think he certainly has had it. I hope he will not be long spared, to [do] much more mischief.

Kate Carney Diary.

          27, Women and War Correspondents at Shiloh

Field of Shiloh, May 27.

….These wiseacres generally make rules to suit themselves. One day you can go anywhere you choose, and the next you can go nowhere. I can make my way for a week among negligent soldiers and officers, but I run the risk of being snapped up at last by some puppy who may take offence unaccountably, and snake me all over the field of Shiloh, not from a consciousness of duty, but from an insane desire to show authority. Gen. Halleck's order expelling newspaper correspondents amounted to nothing, had they chosen to evade it,--a fact which is proved by the presence, at this time, of eight or ten of them in the camps. No civilians are allowed in the lines, and yet civilians go and come as they choose. No ladies are allowed to come to the Landing or to remain with the army, yet there are fifty here at the said Landing, and, to my certain knowledge, they travel between here and the camps whenever they see fit. There are a hundred women in the army to-day. There are a thousand civilians enjoying the same privilege, and yet none are admitted. Truly your military orders are grand and efficient.

W. P. I.

Chicago Times, June 7, 1862. [3]

27, Homemade shoes from Polk County

What the War is Doing.—We saw the other day a genteel and serviceable pair of men's shoes that had been made by a lady of Polk county—Miss Elizabeth Griffith is her name. The last upon which they were made was manufactured by her own hands—she makes a pair a day, and only charges 62½ cents a pair, with the material furnished her. She ought to have a war pension.

Cleveland (Tenn.) Banner, May 24.

Daily Constitutionalist [AUGUSTA, GA], May 27, 1862.

27, "Thirty-Six Rebel soldiers take the Oath of Allegiance."

Our correspondent at Murfreesboro' states that at the great Union meeting there on Saturday thirty-six Tennesseans who had come back from the Confederate army at Corinth, renounced the rebellion publicly and took the oath of allegiance to the United States Government! What a touching spectacle that must have been to the eyes of every patriot. There is most decided and eloquent testimony as to the great change now going on in this State. We hear of like changes going on in every quarter of Tennessee to which we have access. The leaven of patriotism is working admirably. The reaction has begun, and we see in the distance the swelling head of the returning tide. Its magnificent roar will soon be resounding at our feet. Fellow-citizens, let us all be actively engaged in hastening the return of all Tennessee into the bonds of love and union. Let no loyal man be idle or luke-warm. Work night and day.

Nashville Daily Union, May 27, 1862.

27, "Union Meeting at Murfreesboro." Establishing Political Correctness in Middle Tennessee

On Saturday last, notwithstanding the rain in the early part of the day, a large audience, composed chiefly of the "bone and sinew" of Rutherford county, assembled in Convention at Murfreesboro, to take into consideration their relations to the Federal Government. Wm. Spence, Esq., a man deeply devoted to the interests of the Union, was called to the chair. Dr. E. D. Wheeler moved the adoption of the resolutions of the Union Convention at Nashville. Hon. Edmund Cooper, of Shelbyville, advocated the resolutions in a speech of about an hour's length, characterized by marked ability and true eloquence, pervaded by a lofty and noble patriotism. He pointed them to the best government on earth—a government which had been their pride and boast—a government which had secured unparalleled prosperity at home and commanded the respect of all nations abroad—a government which had grown with a rapidity never before known, because founded—in the choice and the affections of the people—the only government which had attained complete civil and ecclesiastical liberty—a government whose only object was the happiness of the people. Yet, this government so pure in its aims, so beneficent in its action, showering its blessings as freely as the rains of heaven, productive of nothing but happiness, had been sought to be overthrown by persons who owed their all to its goodness and justice and wisdom. [emphasis added] What was the offence committed? Treason. What is the penalty attached to this offence by every nation of the earth? Death. But here again the benevolence of the Government interposed and said, no, let not a drop of blood flow from one of her people who would renew his loyalty. In unity there is strength. The spider's attenuated web could be blown asunder by every breeze; but you could multiply these threads, until their mighty strength could suspend the anchor of the proudest vessel that rides the waves of the ocean.

We regret the lack of time and space to report Mr. Cooper fully and accurately. His speech did honor to himself and justice to the occasion, and was listened to with undivided attention, and its effect was evident and happy.

Gov. Andrew Johnson followed Mr. Cooper. Never have we seen him in better plight. Here he had been heard, in days gone by, advocating the policy of the Government; now he was battling for its existence. Long, in time past, had the dear of the State been turned to him for counsel and advice; now was the deepest anxiety manifested again to hear his voice. His presence was inspiring, his whole countenance was lit up with animation, and his eyes glowed and sparkled with the intensity of feeling. There was a rush of the anxious to the stand, to catch the first word he uttered.

He began by reminding them of former times, when political differences obtained, which it was now pleasant to refer to, because those discussions were all conducted beneath the stars and stripes which this day floated over them, and underneath which they now proposed to pledge and renew their allegiance. His great familiarity with the political history of the country enabled him to show concisely and accurately the rise and progress of secession from its incipiency until the attainment of such gigantic proportion as emboldened it to lay its unhallowed and ruthless hands upon the bonds of the Union and attempt to break them asunder—while his resistless, searching logic ferreted out the sophisms of the specious catchword of "southern rights," and exposed their fallacies in all their glaring inconsistency. His burning, thrilling eloquence, rising with the occasion, embraced the subject in all its bearings and dependencies, portrayed in colors of glowing light the beauty, the grandeur and the happiness of our Government, emanating in the labors and sacrifices, the blood and treasure of our ancestors, secured and established by their wisdom and justice and transmitted to us with their blessings. He showed the patience and long suffering of the Government—its deep love for the people—it spoke more in sorrow than in anger—even now inviting them to the enjoyment of its affection and protection, and proclaimed peace and good will toward all men who would return within the pale of its mercy. For them the tear trembled, but the rod was not raised. It was only upon the persistent, hardened guilty that its punishment would fall, but upon such with crushing force and power, dividing marrow and bone.      
The pleasure of listening to the speaker was heightened by observing the effect upon the crowd. They swayed to and fro before him like fields of waving grain before the wind. At one moment their faces were brightened with smiles, and again the tears streamed down their cheeks. For more than three hours they stood and listened without moving from their places. We have attended many, many popular gatherings, but never before did we see a speaker command such attention. We have often heard Governor Johnson, but never when so able, so convincing, so eloquent. We regard this as the most masterly effort of his life. He was in the State of his youth, whence from the humblest avocation he had risen by his own sterling worth to the highest honors, and in the promotion of the prosperity of the State in the Union, he had spent the toil and labor of his life. This beloved State had been sought to be torn from that dear Union, and to prevent which the people had assembled to advise and counsel with him. What more could inspire a man? What more could move a people? No wonder that when he had concluded his speech, they crowded around him, exchanged greetings and were still reluctant to separate from him.

It is almost superfluous to add, that these resolutions were unanimously adopted. [emphasis added]

During the day, thirty-four men, members of Capt. Barclay's Company, 11th Tennessee Regiment, Col. Smith, came before the Provost Marshal, took the oath of allegiance, and are now at home. How beautifully this illustrates the magnanimity of the Government, and the moral courage of the men. The following are the names:[list of names follows]


We are happy to observe the Union sentiment that is beginning to obtain in Rutherford county.

We will avail ourselves of this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to E. L. Jordan, Esq., and lady, and to Wm. Spence, Esq., and family, for their great courtesy, kindness and hospitality to your correspondent.

Nashville Daily Union, May 27, 1862.




          27, Complaints about the cost of living in Nashville

Living appears to be comparatively cheap in Chicago. Chickens sell at two dollars per dozen; potatoes are from fifty to seventy-five cents per bushel, choice butter at twenty-cents per pound, asparagus at a dollar a dozen, while lettuce, turnips, and other vegetables, sell at less than one-third the price demanded here. The truth is, Nashville is one of the dearest markets in the whole country, hardly excepting Richmond. If we take into consideration the relative value of the currency used in Richmond and Nashville, we are not sure but the former will be found the cheaper market. There is perhaps somewhat of a scarcity in the country adjacent to Nashville, whence we draw our supplies, but if our business men could get shipping facilities, they would bring such articles as there is a demand for in the market from points where there is abundance and to spare. Our businessmen ought to unite in a representation to the Government of the great necessity that exists for extending trading facilities to this city. It was confidently expected a board of trade would have been established here before now through whom these privileges could have been secured. The poorer classes experience great hardships from the scanty supplies of the prime necessities of life which our market affords.

Nashville Dispatch, May 27, 1863.

          27, Hannibal Paine's letter to his sister Mary in Washington, Tennessee

Miss Mary L. Paine

Camp Near Fairfield, Tennessee May 27, 1863

Dear Sister:

I recd. a kind communication from you some days since and would have written sooner but for some days past I have been continually on the march and have had no opportunity to write sooner. On Saturday night the 23rd of May we received orders at three o'clock. It was to cook one days [sic] rations and be ready to march at daylight so we made ready at the appointed time and set out at break of day for Hoover's Gap about eight miles from this place and on the road leading from Murfreesboro to Manchester. Hoover's Gap is nothing but the continuation of a long hollow with a high hill closing in on either side, and is considered to be a strong defensable [sic] position. Well upon Sunday our Regiment was placed out upon picket duty in some ten to twelve miles of Murfreesboro and remained there until next morning. Early the next morning we were relieved and marched back in a half mile of our former camp ground. Our Regiment was halted there, and our company alone was thrown out as skirmishers about three miles in front. We were out there on the lookout all day but saw no Yankees while we were out on picket. Our general learned that a force of Yanks were [sic] advancing out from Murfreesboro toward McMinnville and they concluded to cut them off and make a capture. So Monday [25th] evening late our Brigade and General Bushrod Johnson's Brigade from Major General Cleburne's Division were set in motion for that purpose. They marched that night some five miles more since I have told you before out on picket and by the neglect of somebody we were not relieved until about eleven o'clock that night. We then had to march ten miles that night to overtake our Regiment. We marched within about a mile of where they encamped that night and then spread down our blankets under some trees and slept about an hour. We then arose and started again and caught up with our regiment at day break as they were preparing to renew the march. We filed into line with them and went ahead all marching at quick time. We marched on to Bradysville [sic] passed through that place, halted about half a mile beyond and as I thought were going immediately to have a battle, but things turned out quite differently. When we halted an "Infirmiry [sic] Corps" was detailed to carry off the wounded and a Regiment was deployed as skirmishers and I expected a battle would immediately open. But after marching about an hour I learned that the Yankees we were trying to capture had in some way learned of our approach and "double quicked" it back to Murfreesboro thereby saving their scalps and very possibly a few of our own. So after marching about an hour as I said before we received orders to about face and had to march all the way back. The day was very warm and I never saw men so fatigued. A great many gave out by the way and it is reported that no less than seven dies on the march from fatigue and heat and drinking too much water. We got back Tuesday night as far as "Beach Grove" and encamped. Stacked our arms and had just rested a few moments when a courier came dashing up at a furious rate informing us that the Yankees were advancing by way of Hoover's Gap and that they had already engaged one regiment of our brigade who were went out as skirmishers. The 32[nd] Tennessee. So we immediately set out for the scene of action. Again expecting to have a fight. [sic] We marched as far as Beach Grove and were there halted. We remained there about an hour without any Yankees making their appearance and then marched back. I think we have some cavalry spread making their appearance and then marched back. I think we have some cavalry spread along the front who every time they see a single Yankee come past [sic], haste[n] and report that the enemy are advancing in force and that is the way we are so often deceived. General Breckinridge and all of his division except our brigade are gone some where. I don't know certainly but I suppose they are gone to Mississippi. It is reported that the Yankees have twelve time assaulted Vicksburg and have been repulsed each time with heavy slaughter. I also learned that the Yankees have for three days been bombarding Cumberland Gap and I hope this attempt at this place will likewise prove a failure. There is a good General in Command in East Tennessee now, General Simeon [sic] B. Buckner. I had as soon risk him as any in my knowledge, for he is every inch a hero and skilled military man. It is expected that the Hon. C. L. Vallandingham [sic] from Ohio has been exiled from home [and] sent through our lines and is now at Shelbyville, Tenn. You can see from my letter that we are having a rather hard time of it after those scouting parties of Yankees and any day may have a considerable fight with them. So far the enemy around Murfreesboro have been quite [sic] and don't seem inclined to make a general advance. Our brigade is now composed of six Regiments[,] the following: the 18th Tennessee, 20th Tennessee, 26th Tennessee, 32nd Tennessee, 45th Tennessee and Newman's Batallion [sic], he is also from Tennessee. I have no more news, as ever

Your brother,

H. Paine

Hannibal Paine Letters.





          27, "A Disgraceful Affair."

A soldier, whose name we prefer to withhold, entered a saloon on Jefferson street yesterday morning, and after bargaining for a cigar, presented a mutilated treasury note of a large denomination from which to have the price taken out. The proprietor naturally enough refused to take the bill in its mutilated condition, when the military gentleman became exceeding wrath, [sic] indulged in epithets profane and vulgar, called the gentleman a "secesh" and a d_____d rebel, and to further take revenge went out to scare up a guard who should shut up his [sic] (the saloon keeper's) establishment, and put him in the [Irving]"Block." Sure enough, a guard was brought and was, in connection with the bad-bill gentleman, about to take possession of the saloon, when they were prevented by certain officers present, and the would-be swindler reported to Captain Williams. According to Gen. Washburn's recent order, the guilty party will doubtless receive the proper punishment for his most inexcusable offense.

Memphis Bulletin, May 28, 1864.

          27, Federal intelligence report relative to location, activities and strength of guerrilla gangs in Bedford, Lincoln, Franklin, Marshall, Coffee and Jackson counties, Middle Tennessee

HDQRS. U. S. FORCES, Murfreesborough, Tenn., May 27, 1864.

Maj. B. H. POLK, Assistant Adjutant-Gen., District of Nashville:

MAJ.: I respectfully inclose reports of Maj. Stephenson, Thirty-first Wisconsin, and of Capt. Hill, provost-marshal, respecting guerrilla parties, for the consideration of the general commanding the district. That there are rebel parties growling about the country is very evident, from the fact that Shelbyville was plundered by them a short time since, and my scouting parties have come in contact with them several times. With regard to their numbers, I cannot speak. They may be exaggerated. I think they are. I have ordered the prisoner Rousseau, who, by the by, claims kinship to our general, to be sent immediately to Nashville.

Very respectfully,

H. P. VAN CLEVE, Brig.-Gen., Cmdg. Post.


[Inclosure No. 1]


Duck River Bridge, Tenn., May 22, 1864.

Capt. E. A. OTIS, Assistant Adjutant-Gen.:

CAPT.: I have the honor to report to you that I have ascertained from a Federal scout named Young that the guerrilla band or organization of bushwhackers that has infested this part of Tennessee for some weeks past now rendezvous near the head of Mulberry Creek, about fifteen miles nearly south from Shelbyville, and is composed of the following commands: Capt. Davis, seventy men; Blackwell, seventy men; Blackwell now ranks as major; Roddy, sixty men; Roddy now ranks as colonel or lieutenant-colonel; Cruzer, forty men; ____, forty men--this name is forgotten--making in all 280 men. Cruzer seems to be operating along the line of Lincoln and Marshall Counties. The squad from Short Mountain, under Maj. Hughs, was at Fairfield on the 20th instant. Lieut. Thomas Beattie and twenty men returned yesterday [21] from a scout, on which he visited Shelbyville and Richmond; from Richmond he proceeded to within five miles of Lynchburg, thence to the headwaters of Flat Creek, thence down said creek to Flat Creek store. [Davis and Blackwell have been scouring that country almost constantly for the last three weeks.] He learned that their headquarters was on Mulberry Creek, near Mulberry village. The greatest number of men of Blackwell's command seen together at one time in that neighborhood was thirty-six. I learn that Gen. Paine will send an expedition through that country, if deemed necessary, whenever you are ready.

I have the honor to be, captain, your most obedient servant,

R. B. STEPHENSON, Maj. Thirty-first Wisconsin Volunteers.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 39, pt. II, p. 52.


[Inclosure No. 2]

PROVOST-MARSHAL'S OFFICE, Murfreesborough, Tenn., May 27, 1864.

Capt. E. A. OTIS, Assistant Adjutant-Gen.:

CAPT.: I have the honor to report that a rebel prisoner has just been brought in named Hillier L. Rousseau, a private of Col. Mead's regiment of Partisan Rangers, attached to Gen. Roddey's command, who was captured on yesterday about twelve miles northeast of this place. He says that Capt. Hays, with thirty-five men, of whom he was one, left their regiment last week in Franklin County, for the purpose of coming to this country to ascertain the strength of the Union force at this post; that the company was to start back on yesterday; that fifteen or twenty recruits from Coffee County were expected to return with the company. He says that the regiment has been in Tennessee several weeks, and numbers nearly 500 well-mounted men, many of whom have enlisted since the regiment entered the State. The regiment is to remain in Franklin and Jackson Counties until this and other scouting expeditions return. He says that Col. Mead makes his headquarters at Jackson, at which point his command is ordered to reunite in the event of their being scattered by any means.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

H. R. HILL, Capt. and Provost-Marshal.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 39, pt. II, p. 53.

          27, "Cotton Stealing"

The practice of stealing the kingly product of our clime, has rather waxed than waned, of late. The community is still rife with those who ply the avocation, notwithstanding the endeavors made by the authorities to bring the culpable to justice, and the habit to an end. Probably not until the selling rated have dropped to eight or twelve cents per pound of the olden time, will the purloiners of the precious article return to the path of rectitude in this respect. The practice is still confined to that class who were educated the pick the cotton from its natural ball [sic] and under illegitimate circumstances.

Yesterday morning Tom and Henderson, two excellent specimens of this class were arraigned before the Recorder, and fined $20 apiece for the pernicious offense.

Memphis Bulletin, May 27, 1864.

          27, "Street Signs"

Now that the City Council has made proper arrangements for numbering the houses and lots of the city, we would suggest that the next step to be take in the direction of improvement, would be the placing of suitable signs upon the corner of buildings, designating the different streets, alley, and avenues. This is a subject for consideration no less impertinent then the numbering. The stranger in the city not only is necessitated to inquire the number of building, but also the name of the street upon which it is situated, having no other guide than verbal uniform. The cost of suitable signs for this purpose, and the expense of placing them in the proper positions would be much less to the city than that expense in numbering the lots and houses upon the plan which has been adopted. Doubtless many of our citizens occupying corner buildings would furnish at their own expense and with pleasure a sign board upon their houses. We suggest that the council take this subject into consideration at their next meeting. There cannot be a dissenting voice on in the decision upon so important and cheap an improvement.

Memphis Bulletin, May 27, 1864.




          27, Tennessee's ex-Confederate Governor Isham G. Harris moves forward to Mexico


Mouth of White River, Ark., May 27, 1865.


COL.: I have just received information that ex-Governor I. G. Harris and the rebel Gen. Lyon crossed to the west side of the Mississippi River a few nights since between Napoleon and Gaines' Landing, Ark. This information is from a party at whose house they stopped for a half hour. The party giving the information did not know them at the time, but was afterward informed who they were by a person who knew them. Harris passed himself as Maj. Green. Lyon passed under his own name. Both claimed to be making for Mexico. I think the information is reliable.

Respectfully, &c.,

G. F. McGINNIS, Brig.-Gen., Cmdg.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 48, pt. II, pp. 631-632.


[1] Possibly John C. Vaughn, later [?] Brigadier-General.

[2] Tennessee, Records of East Tennessee, Civil War Records, Volume I, Prepared by the Historical Records Survey Transcription Unit, Division of Women's and Professional Projects Works Progress Administration, Mrs. John Trotwood Moore, State Librarian and Archivist, Sponsor, T. Marshall Jones, State Director, Mrs. Penelope Johnson Allen, State Supervisor, Mrs. Margaret H. Richardson, District Supervisor, Nashville, Tennessee, The Historical Records Survey, June 1, 1939, pp. 93-94. [Hereinafter cited as W. P. A. Civil War Records, Vol._ __, p. ____, etc.]

[3] As cited in:


James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Editor, The Courier

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214


(615)-532-1549  FAX


Monday, May 23, 2016

Notes from Civil War Tennessee, May 23, 1861 – 1865.

Notes from Civil War Tennessee,

May 23, 1861 – 1865.




          23, "Insane fury appears to possess their souls." The Louisville Journal Decries the Memphis Vigilance Committee and the Tennessee Ordinance of Secession.

In 1854 we for the first time visited Memphis. We were received with such honors as we were not vain enough to think we deserved. A public dinner was tendered to us and accepted. The best and most distinguished citizens of Memphis and of the surrounding country attended it. We were overwhelmed with complimentary speeches and toasts from men of all parties. In the little speech that was of course expected of us, we alluded to the great changes which had taken place in our relations with old political friends and old political opponents during the twenty-four or twenty-five we had been in editorial life, and we ventured to suggest, improbable as such a thing then seemed to us, that perhaps similar changes would occur to us in what then the future.

Since that time we have repeatedly visited Memphis, and always been received with a hearty cordiality most gratifying and most flattering to us. We have thought that there was no city in the United States, where in proportion to population, we had a greater number of ardent friends. One of the changes, however, which, seven years ago we allude to as possible, has at last taken place. We are a Union man [sic], but Memphis has become a secession city. We have held steadily on, following the guidance of the spirit that controlled us in 1854, but Memphis has surrendered herself up to the fierce and bitter spirit of disunion. Her men seem to have changed their whole natures. They have given way to madness. Insane fury appears to posses their souls. They tolerate a tyranny, a despotism in their midst, and they glory in upholding it. They are under the remorseless government of an irresponsible little mob, calling itself a Vigilance Committee. All their affairs are controlled by that Committee. It is for the Committee to say who may live in the city and who man not, what newspapers the people may be permitted to receive and what ones must be banned and barred from the city limits, what steamboat cargoes bust be confiscated and what ones may be allowed to pass, who must be imprisoned, who whipped, who have his head shaved, who be tarred and feathered, and who hung.

This Memphis Committee of Vigilance or Committee of Safety has issued an edict against the circulation of the Louisville Journal in that place, ordering that all copies of it, arriving their by mail, shall, instead of being delivered in obedience to the post office laws to the persons they are directed to, be returned to us. Now we call upon the Post office-Department, if the people of Memphis slavishly permit this thing to be done, to cut them off from all mail facilities utterly and at once. As a free citizen of the United States, we have a right to demand that an outraged perpetrated upon our rights shall be redressed so far as the punishment of its perpetrators and those who countenance or tolerate them can constitute redress. No person can be fool enough to charge that the Louisville Journal is in any just sense an incendiary sheet. The worst enemy it has on earth cannot allege that it ever contains anything tending to excite servile insurrections or to undermine the foundations of morality and civil society. No man in Memphis can deny that is speaks in as lofty a tone and is conducted upon as exalted principles as any paper in that city. No one will say that it has not deserved and won as large and extended a share of a nation's regard and admirations as any paper in our Western land. If it ever inflames man's minds, it inflames them legitimacy and properly-inflames them against those men, and those only, who, with sacrilegious hands, would demolish the sacred ark of American freedom.

Deeply as we scorn the miserable elicit directed against us by the little Memphis mob, we have the consolation of being able to regard it as the highest compliment ever paid to us in a city where we have been so often and so handsomely complimented. It shows that the power and influence of the Louisville Journal are so deeply felt that the advocates of disunion, when struggling for the popular vote in favor of their dark and destructive policy, feel the necessity of shutting our paper out from the eyes of their people by violence. The Memphis Appeal, a most bitter disunion organ, whilst announcing with exultation the exclusion of the Journal from Memphis, proclaims that "papers of more flagitious character are allowed to be exhibited for sale with perfect impunity;" and surely this is an unequivocal admission that the political power of the Journal, and, that alone, has caused the paper to be proscribed by the miserable little self-constituted committee of eighteen or twenty traitors. Grateful as we have ever been to the people of Memphis, deeply as we have appreciated all their kindness, we must say that, if they are poor spirited enough to submit to this thing, mean spirited enough to leave the control of their reading to the censorship of a committee, and especially such a committee, we shall blush to remember that we were ever the recipient of their hospitality.

Throughout the whole State of Tennessee, the mockery of submitting the ordinance of secession to the popular vote is perfectly atrocious. It is an insult to human nature. The Legislature, in secret session, without waiting for the people to vote upon the ordinance of secession or even to read it, proceeded at once, without even the pretense of popular or any other authority, to place the whole power and military resources of the State at the disposal of the Southern Confederacy and invited the armies of that Confederacy upon Tennessee soil, thus putting it out of the power of the Tennessee people to exercise, through the ballot-box or in any other way, the slightest secretion of liberty-box or in any other way, the slighted secretion of liberty of choice in deciding whether their State should or should not come under the Southern Government. And ever since the passage of the secession ordinance by the Legislature, the disunion leaders have been raising troops by thousands and tens of thousands, marshalling them under the Southern Confederacy's service, and levying for their support monstrous raises of taxation upon the people without the authority or even the form or pretext of law. Of course it is obvious that, under such circumstances the popular vote, so-called, upon the ordinance, can have no meaning or significance in the world; yet the leaders, for the poor sake of appearance, are determined to have a vote, or what they propose to call a vote, in their favor. Hence by the machinery of scores of hundreds of miniature mobs or vigilance committees, they are industriously expelling, night and day, thousands of true and bold Union men from all parts of the State. Hence they are muzzling the mouths of their editors, are compelling them to trample upon their own convictions and their own self-respect and to become the shameless advocates of disunion. Hence they are holding public meetings and giving notice to those noble champions of the country who have hitherto swayed and molded the public mind, that, if they dare to make a speech for the Union, their lives shall instantly pay the penalty. Hence they are suppressing the circulation of a faithful and fearless newspaper organ of Unionism, in their dread of the effect of its arguments and appeals upon the minds of their wronged and insulted fellow citizens. And hence they are everywhere proclaiming and publishing their resolution that every voter, on going to the polls, shall expose to the bystanders what is written upon the ballot, the plan being to beat or maim or kill all who shall have the audacity to vote for the Union. We have seen scores of the best men of Tennessee within the last few days, and they all bear witness, that, in their belief, the reign of terror now raging and maddening in that State has no parallel in modern history. There is less of personal freedom; there is more of atrocious and horrible tyranny, in Tennessee, at this time than could be found under the worst and most wretched Government of Asia or of the savage islands of the sea.

Unquestionably in the condition of things that now exists, such of the people of Tennessee as are loyal, enjoying no protections and experiencing only oppression from the hands of their State government, have just claims to be protected in their right by the Federal Government. Yielding a willing allegiance to that Government, they have a right to expect to be sustained by it, for they are not more citizens of Tennessee than they are citizens of the United States. How far the Government at Washington is prepared to accord the protection, which under the Constitution, it owes to them, we cannot say, for the circumstance of the whole country are at the present time extraordinary. Buy certainly no well-informed and just man can hesitate to say, the virtue and force of an ordinance of secession fairly and legitimately adopted by the majority of the free voters of a State, the vote about to be given upon the Tennessee ordinance should be treated as a nullity, a nothing, by the Federal Government and by all mankind-treated as not affecting in any way or in the slightest degree the right and the duties either of the Government at Washington or of the Tennessee people.

Fellow citizens of Kentucky! The disunion leaders in the midst of us are using all their guilty and desperate energies to make Kentucky what Tennessee is. Say to every fiend of them-"Get thee behind me, Satan!"

Louisville Journal, May 23, 1861.[1]

          23, The Memphis Committee of Safety

A gentleman of high standing, who has just been driven out of Memphis, gives an account of the deplorable state of affairs in that place as detailed by a correspondent of the Tribune. He says:

Memphis aspires to become the great commercial metropolis of the Mississippi Valley; and by way of preparation, with unexampled ferocity, is driving out the Abolitionists, as every man who advocated the Union is now called, whether he be of Northern of Southern birth. More than five thousand worthy and peaceable citizens have already been forced away, and as they could not, even when permitted, settle up their business during the present depression, their property is virtually confiscated. At the February election Memphis gave a majority of eight hundred for the Union; but after this reign of ruffianism, what a wretched farce will be the vote upon the secession question on the 8th of June.

A Committee of Safety(?) [sic] heady by a wealthy grocer named Titus, and composed of those who style themselves the first citizens, is ruling with despotic sway. It is constantly I session in Titus' block, and for the last two weeks the number of persons brought before it have averaged more than one hundred per day. Here is an illustration of its inquisitional character:

Last Friday, a quiet, young citizen, a native of Southern Illinois, was arrested in his place of business by a policeman, and taken before the Committee. This was at 10 o'clock A. M..

"A charge against you has been lodged before us," said the president functionary.

"What is it, sir?"

"You are charged with saying that you have many friend in Cairo, and will not willingly take up arms against them."

The young man admitted the truth of the allegation. He was and always had been pro-slavery in his sentiments, but had expressed unwillingness to fight against the community in which he was born and bread. For this sole offence, he was ordered to leave town at 4 o'clock that evening, and placed in custody of a policeman until his departure. Through the neglect of the officer, he missed the cars that night, and was locked up, as a criminal, in the police station house, until four o'clock the next morning when he took a Northern train. He is now safe in Cairo.

Within the knowledge of my friend, eight men, after having their heads half shaved, have been started North by the Committee within a few days, and three were under sentences of death when [they] left. One of these, named Horton, was originally from New York State, but more recently from Chicago. He had been trading in horses through the South for the last eight years; and it was said that he would be hung last Saturday night. It was also currently reported that Mr. Samuel Kennedy, publisher of the West Point (Ark.) Times, had been hung as an Abolitionist. He was a printer by trade, a young man of twenty-two, who went from Chicago only a year or two ago. His friends still reside here; and his father and brother have filled honorable positions in the city government.

On Friday, a Union man who had enlisted in the secession army for personal safety, called on my friend and implored him to aid his escape.-His face was balanced with terror, and he declared that he would give all the property he held in the world to be once more in the North. He was particularly obnoxious to a party of secession ruffians, having been an out-spoken and earnest Union man, and had little hope that he would be permitted to depart alive, even if he could procure his discharge.

Bangor Daily Whig & Courier, May 23, 1861. [2]




          23, Special Orders No. 357, Price Controls in Confederate Memphis

Special Orders No. 357

Headquarters, Memphis, May 23, 1862

Having been clothed will full authority to take all necessary measures for the radical suspension of ALL speculative operations in provisions and the necessities of life, the Commandant of this post much regrets that he is called on by many who to rebuke extortion among those who interests should be closely allied with the fate of the Government, or to those [illegible] disposition too clearly [illegible] in this city; to fatten on the misfortunes and necessities of all obedient citizens of such great MUTUAL public and private interest.

Notice is hereby given to all extortionists of any shape or kind, that they will be held in strict accountability, both in person and property, for creating as craven and cowardly an advantage over those, whose natural protectors are on the tented field, striking nobly for their liberties and the rights of their country, while such are living INGLORIOUSLY, on the hard earned pittance of the solders, wrung by extortion in the necessities of life from those dependent on that pittance.

All persons are hereby notified that all remunerative prices will be allowed for all necessities, and when such injustice is refused, upon proper examination, if the refused result from an attempt to extortion, the property will be taken possession of at a fair price, and the individual, as before said, held to account.

Having called a Board of five citizens, whose acquaintance with provisions and the cost of necessities is very extensive, and whose patriotism is beyond doubt, the following tariff of prices will govern the specified articles until further orders. And any persons exceeding the tariff will be fined not exceeding twice the value of the article confiscated to the benefit of the "Free Market." The prices allowed are fair, remunerative, and in the judgment of the Commander, even high; and those who are unwilling to sell at these prices should be held up the public gaze as vampires on the absolute [opinion?] of the many for public excoriation.

All persons who attempt to hide provisions are to keep them from the market, are warned as to the consequences of such actions.

The [attention?] of all dealers is called to Special Orders relating to Confederate money herewith [are?] to [be applied?].

All persons dealing in articles specified below will keep the Tariff of Prices posted conspicuously at their place of business. The Civil Governor and Provost Marshal will carry into effect this order:


Beef on Foot

First quality not to exceed 12 c. per pound

Second do                 do      10c      do

Third    do                 do       8c       do


Beef at Retail

First class, comprising [illegible] and ribs not to exceed 20[?] c

Second do round and rump 12 ½ c.

Third do neck shoulder and [illegible]



On foot, gross, not to exceed 10c

By retail 18c



Hog round, as per quality, 23 to 25c

Hams and sides, at retail, 39c

Shoulders, 28 to 31 c



In barrels and [illegible], 22 to

In kegs, 26 to 28 c



Double extra, wholesale, $15 per barrel

Single do         do            $14 d0

Super fine         do          $13 do

Double extra, at retail     $16 do

Single     do          do       $15 do

Super fine do        do      $14 do



At wholesale not to exceed $1.25 per bushel

At retail            do                $1.30    do


Corn Meal

At wholesale, not to exceed $1.25 per barrel

At retail              do              $1.30



As per quality, $1.75 to $2.l05 per bushel

Oats, $1.25.



Liverpool coarse, $15.00 per sack

      do         fine       $16.00    do

Packing                   $12.00

At retail, per pound 121/2c



Brown and [illegible] 10 to 121/2

At retail, 10 to 13 c



At wholesale, 30c

At retail, 33 to 40 c



At wholesale, 30c

At retail, 33 to 40 c

Small retailers to [illegible] are allowed as an advantage add to

[Illegible] 23 per cent, and small retailers in [illegible] 15 per


By command of Thos. H. Rosser, Colonel Commanding Post

 Official: Thomas M. Chomer [?]

Memphis Daily Appeal, May 29, 1862. [3]




          23, "Military Hospitals Chap XII

The Prison Hospital.

The Prison Hospital is not numbered; it is located in the Second Baptist (Dr. R. Ford's) Church, on Cherry street, beyond South Union, a few hundred yards South of the Howard High School. There are two wards in the building, both large rooms, and both above ground, well lighted and ventilated, and very clean and comfortable, the hospital being well stocked with everything needful for the comfort of the patients. Indeed, in this respect we think it excels man others, but we may be mistaken as in this hospital we find more seriously wounded men than in the other, and the various modern contrivances for easing of pain and relieving the discomforts of the bedfast, may have come more prominently before our eye.

The interesting features in this hospital, to us, was the great care and attention bestowed upon the patients -- Confederates and Federals alike -- who are mixed up with each other most admirably. Side by side the Federal and Confederate soldier eat, and sleep, and chat, and play, and comfort each other, and nurse each other, with that care and attention, sad heart-felt sympathy, which are always to be found prominently in the brave heart of the soldier. This hospital is not as some suppose, exclusively for Confederate prisoners, but for all military prisoners. All the Federals, we believe, have been guilty of mere petty offences, such as being out with a pass, exceeding by a few hours the limit of their leave of absence, attempting to break from the guard, and such like. The kind and affectionate manner in which each patient is addressed by the Surgeon in Charge as well as other officers, and the confidence and great respect which the patients entertain for them, is very striking and truly gratifying to the sympathizer with human sufferings. And here, indeed, is room for sympathy. Ghastly wounds of all descriptions are visible in every direction. Here are several who lost an arm, amputated close to the shoulder; many others a leg; many whose bones have become again unified but leaving one limb much shorter than the other; some deformities; some having lost an eye. Our attention was called to one interesting case, where a Confederate was struck by a minie [sic] ball on the second finger of the right hand, which was broken, and the ball lodged in the fleshy part between the thumb and index finger, a portion of the ball being cut off by coming in contact with his musket, and entering his right eye, which he has lost, and a buckshot entering his neck, and lodged there, and where it remains, just under the skin, but causing him no pain or uneasiness.

Another interesting case is that of an intelligent little boy -- a mere child, -- pretty and delicate, not yet fifteen years old, named John Taylor, of Chattanooga. He was wounded and taken prisoner some time ago, and is now doing very well. He seems to be quite at home, but would much like to obtain permission to stroll about town a little every fine day until he is well enough to be exchanged [sic].

Capt. King, of Louisiana, is also here, badly wounded in the right thigh. The Surgeon informed us that he has suffered severely, but uncomplainingly, for a long time, and several times feared he would lose him; but is not doing well, and likely to recover.

All inmates of this hospital are received from Col. Martin, the Provost Marshal, and to him returned or accounted for.

Among the other inmates were two lunatics, one of whom was sent to the Lunatic Asylum while we were at the hospital; the other is the one who was formerly in the Penitentiary -- a quiet, inoffensive man, who sits in one position all day, eats well, never talks, sleeps well, and takes not the slightest notice of any person or thing. The one who was sent away urgently requested our company to town, and insisted on getting himself ready immediately.

There are many other interesting cases here, which we may allude to hereafter, in another chapter. For the present we must concern ourselves to a statement of a few general facts connected with the hospital.

The following are the names of the officers of the Prison Hospital:

Surgeon-in-Charge -- T. G. Hickman, Acting Ass't. Surg. U. S. A.

Chaplain -- Rev. Mr. Poucher.

Steward-Jas. Yerkes.

Sergeant of the Guard-John McFarland, 19th Ill. Vols.

Ward Master-Alfred Hemmings.

Matron -- Mrs. Foster.

Druggist-John Foley.

There are thirty men detailed to guard this hospital under Sergeant McFarland. Six nurses, three cooks, six colored females, and six colored males are employed. There are in the building, for patients, 100 iron cots, 25 of which were occupied on the night of the 19th, but eleven of the Confederates were removed on the 20th, with a view to an early exchange.

There is no regular chaplain belonging to this hospital, but Mr. Poucher visits the patients occasionally, and administers religious consolations to such as desire it. There are not regular religious services. The Sanitary Commission has furnished books on several occasions for the use of the inmates, and the Surgeon informs us that the patients feel grateful to Mr. Crawford for his kindness in this respect.

The bath-room contains only one tub, but that proves sufficient under existing circumstances, there being few able to avail themselves of the luxury of sporting in a large and well filled bath tub. Dr. Hickman encourages a desire to bathe frequently.

For amusement and pastimes, chess, checkers, dominoes, and, we presume, a social game at euchre, are indulged, beside reading and writing.

The officers are on the first floor at the West end of the building; and in a small building in the rear, are the laundry and the room for cooking the delicacies for those unable to bear hospital fare with convalescents. The kitchen is on the north side of the building, and the dining room is a very comfortable one, in which meals are served to guards and convalescents at 7, 12, and 6 o'clock.

The Commissary is abundantly stocked and in addition to the ordinary supply furnished by government, Dr. Hickman informs us that he is indebted to Dr. Reed and Mr. Robinson, of the Sanitary Commission, for liberal grants from that organization. The Dispensary and Linen room are also abundantly stocked with everything needful, or likely to be needed.

Good order, cleanliness, and quiet, prevail throughout this establishment, and the intimacy and familiarity existing between doctors and patients, betokens a confidence and good understanding between all parties.

The friends of Sergeant McFarland will regret to learn that he is very sick, and has been for some time. He is recovering, however, and hopes soon to be able for active duty.

Nashville Dispatch, May 23 1863.

          23, A Confederate Kisser's Court Martial in Tullahoma

Tullahoma, Tenn., May 23d, 1863.

* * * *

A Lieutenant in our brigade is in arrest, and will be tried by court martial, for hugging and kissing a woman on the cars in the presence of other folks—of both sexes.


Mobile Register and Advertiser, May 30, 1863.[4]

          23, "My Brigade has done a great deal of work since it has been here-among other things built a fort called Fort Rains in honor of Brigadier General Rains who was killed at Murfreesboro." H. D. Clayton in Tullahoma to his wife

Tullahoma, Tennessee

23 May 1863

My Dear Wife,

I received orders to go to the front. I start with my command for Wartrace to which place you will here after send your letters. I enjoyed the things you sent me by Ned very much-they were all so nice. I did not need the shirts but since you have sent them they are so nice I will wear them for your sake. I will send the trunk home the first opportunity and in it such clothes as I think I can spare. I want to keep as few on hand as I can make out with, preferring to get them from home as I need them.

My Brigade has done a great deal of work since it has been here-among other things built a fort called Fort Rains in honor of Brig Gen Rains who was killed at Murfreesboro. It is 125 yards across. The ditch is twelve feet wide and eight deep and the dirt makes a wall eight feet high, and has twelve cannon in it. We have cut down the trees on one thousand acres of thick wood land.

Being quietly situated during the past week and hoping to come across "The Strange Story," Bulwer's last novel, I read it and was rather pleased with it. If you ever get it please read it and write to me what you think of it. If you can keep from becoming too much interested in the war story to enjoy the beginning I think you will like it. I expect Mr. Tompkins has it as you can buy it in Eufaula. Do not read it however if you have any objection to doing so, though I do not think there is anything in it objectionable.

I hope you have received my last letter and answers that hint about coming to see me. If we live we will make arrangements for you to spend July or August one or both with me. Don't you think you can do so without home interests suffering too much? I want to see you again-- enjoyed very much the few days I was with you recently as I hope you did also.

Write to me often.

Dear Wife, I am your devoted Husband.

H.D. Clayton






          23, Initiation of U. S. N. gunboat patrols of Tennessee River

HDQRS. DISTRICT OF WEST TENNESSEE, May 23, 1864. (Received 12.30 p. m. 25th.)

Maj. Gen. H. W. HALLECK, Chief of Staff:

Forrest and Lee, with large force, are at Corinth and Tupelo. They have been organizing and recuperating at and near Tupelo for twenty days, and horses and men are in splendid condition. They have from 10,000 to 12,000 men, and have some big enterprise on hand. I have no force here to enable me to go out and attack them and break up their plans. My force at Memphis is hardly adequate to purposes of defense. I fear they will do great havoc if they are allowed to cross the Tennessee. I have requested Capt. Pennock to patrol the Tennessee with gun-boats, for I believe Middle Tennessee and Kentucky their destination. With 5,000 troops, in addition to what I have, I could organize a movable force and go out and disperse them.

C. C. WASHBURN, Maj.-Gen., Cmdg.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 39, pt. II, p. 44.

          23, U. S. S. Peosta carries out anti-guerrilla patrol at Hamburg Landing

"...the boat stopped at Hamburg Landing where Mr. Nelson of the crew went ashore with 15 armed sailors. The boat moved back into the river and drifted for about a mile and then again put to shore. There they met Mr. Nelson and sailors now in possession of two horses taken from Hayes Guerrillas. Throwing a few artillery rounds towards shore the boat continued its trip down stream."

U. S. S. Peosta Daily Deck Log.

          23, "HEALTH ORDER"

Health Office, Memphis, Tenn., May 23, '64

Brigade and Regimental companies are hereby notified to have all filth and nuisances removed from all the camps and barracks in and around the city.

By order of [W.?] Noel Burke, Surgeon, U. S. Volunteers and Health Officer

W. Underwood, Health Commissioner

Memphis Bulletin, May 24, 1864.

          23, Two decisions from the Recorder's Court

"Recorder's Court."

* * * *

Arthur Johnson, of the thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, was charged with disorderly conduct, and drunkenness, and sent to the Provost Marshal, while Ann Simms, the negro woman he was found in bed with, paid a fined of $10 and costs.

* * * *

Two innocent looking boys were arrested on College street late Saturday [21st] night, charged with carrying deadly weapons. The evidence went to show that they were good, hard working boys, who had been to the theatre, and knowing the danger of crossing the bottom late at night, they had provided themselves each with a formidable loaded club. They were walking along quietly, molesting no person. They were disarmed, and the officer complimented for his vigilance. Their arrest not only being justifiable, but commendable.

* * * *

Nashville Dispatch, May 23 1864.

          23, "Frame Buildings."

An appendix to our paragraph on "Improvements" we may here state that several of the frame buildings therein alluded to have been erected without even counseling the owner of the property on which they are built. Complaint having been made to Gen. R. S. Granger, he directed Capt. Nevin to say that "any authority given from these headquarters to erect frame buildings in this city simply rescinds in the case of the applicant the penalties presented in Special Order No. 69[5], dated March 16, 1864, against any the putting up such buildings. Read Gen. Granger's order in another column.

Nashville Dispatch, May 23, 1864.




          23, Observations made by an ex-Confederate soldier from the Army of Tennessee while on his way home to his home in Dyersburg environs

....We lay over all day until about 5 oclk [sic]. [sic] P.M. when [we] were into line and marched to the lower Steam Boat Landing [sic] and on our arrival a few of us were invited aboard the Boat [sic] "A. Baker" while much the larger portion bivouaced [sic] on the bank or wharf. We drew one days [sic] rations and were informed there were 5 days [sic] rations on the Boat [sic] and that all hands must be ready to get aboard verry [sic] early in the morning as the Boat would leave quite early for Memphis stoping [sic] at the intervening points where we might desire to get off and that we would be escorted by a Gun Boat to protect us from injury or insult[.]

Arthur Tyler Fielder Diaries.


[1] As cited in PQCW.


[3] As cited in PQCW. Documents relating to the activities of the offices of the Confederate Provost Marshal are rare in Tennessee's Civil War history. Price inflation was apparently a grave problem for civilians in Memphis, just days before the city would fall to the Federal Mississippi River fleet. Additionally, price fixing was not uncommon – in 1865 three Tennessee price control commissioners met in Aberdeen, Mississippi, to produce a price fixing schedule for the Volunteer State. It was a pathetic attempt to revive a flaccid system of such controls inasmuch as Confederate authority was virtually unknown in Tennessee by this time.

[4] As cited in:

[5] A copy of this order cannot be located, but mention of it does indicate the U. S. Army was concerned with architectural zoning.


James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Editor, The Courier

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214


(615)-532-1549  FAX