Wednesday, August 28, 2013

8/28/2013 Tennessee Civil War Notes

28, Judge John Catron exiled to Louisville, KY

Judge Catron.-We saw this distinguished gentleman yesterday. He informs us that the vigilance committee of Nashville did not wait on him as a committee and give him formal notice to leave the State, but that individual members of the committee assured him that he could not live there. His wife is now with him in this City.

Louisville Journal, August 28, 1861. [1]



28, Troop movements on the Cartmell farm

All except 1 company of the cavalry camped in front of the house left this morning...but since supper about as many more have moved in.

Robert H. Cartmell Diary.




28, Scout (night) and skirmish near Jasper

JASPER, August 29, 1863.

(Received 12.45 p. m.)


Col. King crossed the river last night and captured 6 prisoners, 12 animals, and a notorious conscriptor [sic] and member of the rebel Legislature named Matt. Carroll. Report by courier.


OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 217.




28, Skirmish and Capture of Confederate soldiers at Jacksborough

No circumstantial reports filed.

Excerpt from Itinerary of the Twenty-third Army Corps, August 1-September 30, 1863:

August 28.-The First Tennessee captured 48 at Jacksborough, killing and wounding several, 3 officers (1 captain and 2 lieutenants) among them. The First and third Brigades, Fourth Division, moved toward Montgomery.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. II, p. 577.




28, In Defense of the Fire Department in occupied Nashville

FIRE ALARM. – The tremendous noise and confusion which the fire-bells occasioned yesterday morning turned out to have been produced, in the first instance, by the harmless burning of the chimney at a small frame grocery on the corner of Broad and High streets. In their prompt activity and appearance at the scene of the fire, the engine boys only showed that their exertions to save are always well and quickly directed.

When the alarm was given, the team of Eclipse Company No. 1 was on its way to McClay's mill, in Edgefield, to procure saw-dust for the use of the stables. They had crossed and were just going under the railroad bridge, on the Edgefield side, as the driver caught the sound of the tocsin. As quick as thought, almost, the horses were detached from the wagon, and they were mounted and rode at two-forty speed back to the engine house, were harnessed and on their way to the fire in six or eight minutes from the first alarm, and Eclipse was on the ground in season to have played her part towards the suppression of the angriest flames.

It is a custom of the various companies to alternately use their horses on errands of this kind for the Department, as the corporation has provided no other means of supplying the engine stations with such material as may have to be hauled from a distance. The teams are also sent by turns to the pastures near the city, every Sunday, as a necessary change for their health, as well as the recreation of the men. Eclipse No. 1 has had the ill-luck to be in this situation, at the fire, oftener than either of the other companies. We regret to be aware that some quibbling, fault-finding people are disposed to make this unavoidable misfortune the text of bitter strictures upon the inefficiency of the Eclipse, which is in charge of a crew not to be excelled in the Union for their punctuality and gallantry when conflagrations occur, and who are at all times on the alert for the city's protection against fire. In reproaching the members of this company for indifference to duty, ill-natured critics misrepresent and malign an essential and effective arm of the best steam fire organization in the country. All of the men in the Department, so far as we know, are faithful and active in the discharge of their duties and are in no way responsible for such accidents as we have mentioned. To those who have delighted themselves by malicious grumbling about the unavoidable failures of the Eclipse or another engine to appear on the premises before accident or the incendiary have started the fire, we say, Let justice be done though the Heavens fall.

Nashville Daily Press, August 28, 1863.




28, Taking the oath

A FEW MORE LEFT. – The work of "iron-clading" the yeomanry of Tennessee has not been fully completed yet. Capt. Boyd and his co-laborers have frequent calls daily – in fact, the office is crowded from morn till eve, with repentant "solemn swearers." As we glanced in at the Captain and his "customers" yesterday, we were forcibly struck with the idea (it didn't hurt) that no "Yankee patent" of the nineteenth century, or any other century, ever created such an interest as the one for restoring infatuated people to reason, plenty and allegiance. Uncle Sam's a "loud" inventor.

Nashville Daily Press, August 28, 1863




29, Wheeler moves on Sparta

No circumstantial reports filed.

NASHVILLE, August 29, 1864.

Brig. Gen. W. D. WHIPPLE, Assistant Adjutant-Gen.:

A courier in at Gallatin from Carthage reports Wheeler at Sparta with 12,000 men and six pieces of artillery. Gen. Granger reports a part of Roddey's and Forrest's force across the river near Savannah, with nine regiments near Tuscumbia, preparing to cross at Bledsoe.

L. H. ROUSSEAU, Maj.-Gen.

NASHVILLE, TENN., August 29, 1864.

Brig.-Gen. WHIPPLE:

Gen. Steedman telegraphs that some 3,000 or 4,600 of Wheeler's force were reported north of Kingston yesterday morning, moving toward Sparta and McMinnville. Gen. Granger telegraphs that Roddey with 3,000 men and nine pieces of artillery is preparing to cross the Tennessee in boats, and, if possible, at the Shoals.


NASHVILLE, TENN., August 29, 1864.

Brig. Gen. H. P. VAN CLEVE, Murfreesborough:

A courier in at Gallatin from Carthage reports Wheeler at Sparta. Keep scouts out on the road to Lebanon as far up as Jefferson Crossing, ten or twelve miles. A scout has been sent from here to Lebanon.

By command of Maj.-Gen. Rousseau:

B. H. POLK, Maj. and Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

NASHVILLE, TENN., August 29, 1864.

Brig. Gen. R. S. GRANGER, Decatur:

A courier just in at Gallatin from Carthage reports Wheeler at Sparta,[2] with large force and six pieces of artillery. No orders have been given to Col. Spalding since he was ordered to send the two regiments to Decherd, of which order you were at once notified. You will be notified when orders are given direct to your troops.

By command of Maj. Gen. Rousseau:

B. H. POLK, Maj. and Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

NASHVILLE, TENN., August 29, 1864.

(Received at Tullahoma 8.45 p. m.)

Maj.-Gen. MILROY:

A courier from Carthage to Gallatin reports Wheeler at Sparta, with a large force and six pieces of artillery. What is the force at Duck River, Elk River, and at the Tunnel? They should be increased. The force at Decherd should be sent to Elk and Duck Rivers. Send the two pieces of artillery formerly at Elk River back to that place.

By command of Maj. Gen. Rousseau:

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 38, pt. V, pp. 703-704.


[1] As cited in PQCW.

[2] After a hard day's ride through Middle Tennessee with General Wheeler, Commissary Sergeant John Coffee Williamson, Company E, 5th Tennessee Cavalry (C. S.A.), wrote in his journal for August 29, 1864, that the women of Sparta were "very glad to see us. Most of them cheered in the true lady like style. Most of Sparta has been burnt by the Yanks." Sergeant Williamson and his company rode to Smithville by nightfall, camping on the Lebanon Road. The Sergeant also commented in part in his journal that night: "I have been very sick all day, and at night I was perfectly worn out. We got up no rations. I took a dose of morphine and slept soundly." See: J.C. Williamson, ed., "The Civil War Diary of John Coffee Williamson," Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. XV, No. 1 (March, 1956), p. 65.

James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214

(615)-532-1550  x115

(615)-532-1549  FAX


No comments: