19, 1861 - Diminution of soap manufacturing in the Bluff City
Soap-A Suggestion.-Mr. Prescott, soap maker, informs us that manufacturers are obliged to decline large orders of soap, owing to the scarcity of a chemical ingredient necessary to its composition. He suggests that country people would do a good work to manufacture for home consumption and also for camp use for which country made soap is well adapted. In districts where wood is plenty the manufacture of potash would now prove very profitable.
Memphis Daily Appeal, September 19, 1861.
19, 1862 - Federal regulations relative to commerce in the Humboldt environs
Headquarters U. S. Forces
Humboldt, Tenn., Sept. 19, 1862
In pursuance of the regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury, concerning commerce with the insurrectionary States, and General Order 119, from the war [sic] Department, all persons are prohibited from bringing Goods, wares, or merchandise of any description whatever, to any place within the limits of this "Post" without permission from the Post Surveyor. All permits heretofore granted by any authority whatsoever to persons to import, or sell goods at this Post, are hereby revoked. Any violation of this order will be followed by the arrest of the guilty party, and the confiscation of the property, attempted to be brought in or to be disposed of unlawfully.
The following paragraphs from the regulations of the Treasury Department are published for the information and guidance of all concerned:
"All transportation of Coin or Bullion to any state or section heretofore declared in insurrection, is absolutely prohibited, except for military purposes and under Military order or under the special license of the Secretary of the Treasury; and no payment of gold or silver shall be made for cotton, or other merchandise within any such state or section, and all Cotton or other merchandise purchased or paid for therein, directly or indirectly, in gold or silver, shall be forfeited to the United States.
No goods can be shipped with or without permit to insurrectionary district, or to places in the loyal States under insurrectionary control, or to places held by the Military Forces of the United States; except to persons residing or doing business there, whose loyalty and good faith shall be certified by an Officer of the Government, or other person authorized to make such certificate, or by a duly appointed Board of trade as such place, by whose approval and permission only, the same shall be unloaded and disposed of.
The Provost Marshal will take such steps was are necessary for the enforcement of this order
By order of
D. C. Poole, Lieut. Col., 12th Reg[iment]'t. Wis. Vol., Commanding Post.
Soldier's Budget [Humboldt], September 22, 1862.
19, 1863 - President Abraham Lincoln authorizes Military Governor Andrew Johnson to establish state government in Tennessee
EXECUTIVE MANSION, Washington, D. C., September 19, 1863.
Hon. ANDREW JOHNSON, Military Governor of Tennessee:
You are hereby authorized to exercise such powers as may be necessary and proper to enable the loyal people of Tennessee to present such a republican form of State government as will entitle the State to the guarantee of the United States therefor, and to be protected under such State government by the United States against invasion and domestic violence. All according to the fourth section of the fourth article of the Constitution of the United States.
OR, Ser. III, Vol. 3, pp. 825-826.
19, 1864 - Helping an Exhausted Confederate Soldier. An Extract from the Diary of Eliza Rhea Anderson Fain
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One poor lone soldier rode up this evening. His appearance aroused my sympathy. He asked if we could give him something to eat. I told him I did not know whether we had any bread or not. Liz with her kind heart for the poor soldiers thought she could give him something. She went to work and got him some bread, butter and milk. When he got off his horse he looked as though he could hardly walk. When he came up on the steps he told me he was suffering from erysipelas in his feet and legs. I told him to come through. He was black ragged and dirty but I felt he is a dear boy of some mother or sister. I knew as soon as I talked to him he had seen better days than these. On the back porch I had some water and soap prepared for him, to wash his feet. Poor fellow his socks dirty as you can imagine and had stuck to his sores so that the scabs came off as they came. I gave him some beef foot oil to grease, the bound them in some clean nice rags. I gave him a pair of old socks, hunted an old shirt for him. Thus made him a comfortable as my limited means would allow. His name was Brantley, from near Macon Georgia. He seemed so grateful and told me he would never remember with emotions of the warmest gratitude.
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 An acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
James B. Jones, Jr.
Tennessee Historical Commission
2941 Lebanon Road
Nashville, TN 37214