Friday, September 5, 2014

9.5.2014 Tennessee Civil War Notes

        5, Talk of drafting women to serve as nurses at the Southern Mothers' hospital

Council Proceedings…..

Impressing Women. By permission Dr. Keller was allowed to state to the Board, that the washing of the sick soldiers had not been done for two weeks; the cleanliness of the hospital and consequently the lives of the soldiers was involved. Fifteen dollars a month each woman would be paid, but no effort had been able to procure women, either black or white, who would remain more than a day or two. Dr. Keller called upon Council to order the police to compel women to do the work. Ald. Kortrecht offered a resolution to grant the request. Ald. Merrill said the request deserved attention, if it was only from the fact that it was the first the military power had made of the city authorities. That power had hitherto paid little attention to the officers and laws of the city. Ald. Vollintine doubted the power of the city to use compulsion in the case. Ald. Morgan denied that the Board had any power to compel, especially in reference to the hospital, which is not within the city limits. Ald. Kortrecht, in times so exigent as the present, would take the power. Ald. Morgan questioned the justice of making those who could earn a dollar a day by making soldiers' garments, work at the hospital for fifty cents a day. The Board had no military power; let the authority that created the hospital procure such labor as it required. The Board refused to assume authority to coerce persons to labor in the military hospital, and the request of Dr. Keller was not granted.

Memphis Daily Appeal, September 5, 1861.[1]



        5, Initiation of Confederate draft in Tennessee by Bragg, Special Orders No. 1

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 1. HDQRS. DEPARTMENT NO. 2, Sparta, Tenn., September 5, 1862.

The President having authorized the enforcement of the conscript law in the State of Tennessee, officers are now engaged in the preparatory steps for its execution. All persons liable to its terms will be allowed to volunteer in such companies as they may select in thirty days. This indulgence will not exempt them, however, from conscription at any moment. It is hoped the ranks of our noble Tennessee regiments will soon be filled by volunteer enlistments. No new companies or regiments will be received until the ranks of those now in service are full.

By command of Gen. Bragg

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 16, pt. II, pp. 797-798.

        5, Skirmish near Humboldt at Burnt Bridge

SEPTEMBER 5, 1862.-Skirmish at Burnt Bridge, near Humboldt, Tenn.


No. 1.-Brig. Gen. John A. Logan, U. S. Army.

No. 2.-Brig. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, U. S. Army.

No. 1.

Reports of Brig. Gen. John A. Logan, U. S. Army.

JACKSON, September 5, 1862.

At 4 o'clock this a. m. a force of 200 cavalry attacked the guard at the Burnt Brigade, this side of Humboldt, drove off the guard, and set fire to the bridge. The guard renewed the fifth, repulsing the enemy and saved the bridge. Our force consisted of 28 men under a lieutenant. Our loss 1 killed and 8 wounded. The enemy's loss not known. Lieut. commanding the enemy's force is here a prisoner, not seriously wounded. Our cavalry are in pursuit.

JOHN A. LOGAN, Brig.-Gen.

JACKSON, TENN., [September] 5, 1862.

All damage repaired on the road to Humboldt. We have Lieut.-Col. Borup prisoner, wounded. We have 8 wounded and 1 killed. No credit on our side for the difference against us.

JOHN A. LOGAN, JACKSON, September 5, 1862.

I am induced to believe that my information this a. m. about the bridge is not wholly correct. I got my information from Col. Bryant, Humboldt. I have, however, sent re-enforcements to the guard; also sent cavalry and infantry to try to intercept the rebels in their retreat.

JOHN A. LOGAN, Brig.-Gen.

No. 2.

Report of Brig. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, U. S. Army.

HDQRS. CENTRAL DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, Trenton, Tenn., September 5, 1862.

The raid of the rebel cavalry this morning intended mischief to the through freight train, which they intended to capture. The rebels left Poplar Corners at 2 o'clock a. m. and struck the road a short time before the arrival of the train, driving off the guard, some 40 strong, burning their camp, and setting the bridge on fire, then waited for the approach of the train. It was the same bridge burned before. Two  negroes left Poplar Corners before the cavalry and notified the guards at the  big bridge south of Humboldt, reaching there about one hour before the cavalry got to the bridge below. Col. Bryant, by his promptness, got to the  bridge about the time the train did and saved it. The guerrillas fired at the train but did no damage. The guards retreated toward Humboldt, thus giving  the train no notice. I think they must have been surprised.

I am rather astonished that no block-houses are built at any of those bridges for the protection of the guard.

Col. Bryant followed them with his mounted infantry. They are at least 200 strong, and if he overtakes them before they reach their main body he will whip them. I am supporting him from this place. I trust you will do all in your power to get horses for my cavalry. I suffer every day for want of them.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. M. DODGE, Brig.-Gen.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 17, pt. I, pp. 54-55.


HUMBOLDT, TENN., September 5, 1862.


Rebels attacked Burnt Bridge this morning, set it on fire, burned camp, and retreated at 4 o'clock. The men put it out, and train is here. I have sent my cavalry after them. Can't you cut them off?

GEORGE E. BRYANT, Col., Comdg.

TRENTON, September 5, 1862.


The rebels came from Poplar Corners last night at 2 o'clock, and probably returned that way. Can you send your cavalry to head them while I follow?

G. M. DODGE, Brig.-Gen.

HDQRS., Bethel, Tenn., September 5, 1862.


All is quiet. Work going on vigorously. Information as to the enemy so conflicting I am in uncertainty. Scouts report them on Hatchie, nearly 15 miles from here. Some say a large force; others say small.

Have out scouts to-night to know.

I. N. HAYNIE, Col., Comdg.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 17, pt. II, p. 203.


Fight at "the Burned Bridge."

Last Friday week [September 5], the rebels made another attack upon the railroad, at what is known as "the burned bridge," where the fight occurred July 28 near Beadles.[2] The rebels first fired on the pickets killing one and wounding two, then attacked the camp at the bridge, and after a fight of nearly thirty minutes, drive off our boys, wounding 7 more. They captured the tents and baggage of the boys, burning what they did not want, and then retreated back to the Hatchie, crossing the Forki–Deer [sic] Creek near Poplar Corners. The boys claim that 10 rebels were killed and many wounded, they claim three wounded men, and one officer and none killed. The troops attacked were two companies of the 31st Ills. Under command of Capt. Casey. Shortly after the fight our mounted infantry under Capt. Maxon arrived and gave chase to the retreating scamps, capturing Col. Borough at Widow Cruse's where he had been left, dangerously wounded in the head with a mine ball. The rebels had made too good time in their "strategic [sic] movements" and were not overtaken. Col. Borough was taken possession of from Capt. Maxon by the Col. 31st Ills, [sic] who took him to Jackson on the cars where it is reported he has since died of his wounds. The Col. Has been a minister of the Cumberland Presbyterian persuasion, and a wholesale shoe dealer at Evansville, Indiana, until last fall he joined his friends and has been in active service until the present time. He was acting in this attack under the orders of Brig. Gen. Armstrong, and had one battalion, 130 men with him.

Soldier's Budget, September 15, 1862.



        5, Skirmish at Powell's River

No circumstantial reports filed.

Excerpt from the Report of Capt. Augustus B. Cowan, Sixty-second North Carolina Infantry, relative to skirmishing at Powell's River, September 5, 1863.

ABINGDON, VA., September 15, 1863.

SIR: In compliance with you request, I make the following statement concerning the fall of Cumberland Gap:

On Saturday, 5th instant, Col. Carter met the enemy at Powell's River and skirmished with them brilliantly until they resorted to shelling, when he fell back in order up the Virginia Valley.

* * * *

Respectfully, &c.,

August B. COWAN, Capt. Company F, Sixty-second North Carolina Regt. [sic]

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. II, p. 637.

        5, Skirmish at Tazewell

No circumstantial reports filed.

HDQRS. THIRD BRIG., FOURTH DIV., 23d ARMY CORPS, In the Field, 19 Miles southeest of Tazewell, September 5, 1863--12 o'clock.

Lieut. Col. GEORGE B. DRAKE, Assistant-Adjutant-Gen.:

Information from the gap on yesterday that the rebels were still there, but expecting to move two regiments of cavalry, and a small body of infantry are reported to have been there yesterday. It is the opinion of the citizens along the road that they are gone. I shall press forward until I receive definite information as to their where-abouts, and will, if possible, intercept them. I find a great quantity of corn on this road, considerable hay, wheat, and rye.

I am, colonel, &c.,


OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 379.


HDQRS. THIRD BRIG., FOURTH DIV., 23d ARMY CORPS, South of Clinch River, 10½ Miles of Tazewell, Tenn., September 5, 1863--12 p. m.

Lieut. Col. G. B. DRAKE, Assistant Adjutant-Gen.:

My advance is in Tazewell, Tenn. We met the enemy's pickets at the river. The advance, under Maj. Carpenter, Second Tennessee Mounted Infantry, was fired into twice between this and town. He found from 60 to 100 of the enemy in town. He dispatches me that the Union citizens report from 3,000 to 4,000 at the gap, 2,000 being cavalry. I shall move up at once to Tazewell, and dispatch you again.

I am, colonel, &c.,

J. M. SHACKELFORD, Brig.-Gen., Comdg., &c.

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 30, pt. III, p. 380.[3]



        5, Cavalry engagement at Triune, Milroy vs. William[4]

HDQRS. U. S. FORCES, Pulaski, September 6, 1864.

Maj.-Gen. STEEDMAN, Larkinsville, or on line of road:

Gen. Granger, with all the mounted command, left here at 2 p. m. to join Maj.-Gen. Rousseau at Lawrenceburg. Have dispatched him of your movements. I have trains here and shall move forward to repair railroad. Gen. Milroy fought at Triune yesterday. Rebels toward Shelbyville. Williams' command, 2,000, trying to join Wheeler. Wheeler moving toward Florence; had passed by Maj.-Gen. Rousseau; Gen. Granger gone to the assistance of Gen. R. Crame's [Crews,] rebel brigade passed Lewisburg at 1 p. m. yesterday. Biffle has 300 strong; gone to Swan Creek near Duck River.


OR, Ser. I, Vol. 38, pt. V, p. 816.

        5, Rousseau defeats Wheeler at Campbellsville

* * * *

Met the enemy at Campbellton[5] and had a pretty heavy skirmish. Moved on and encamped at Lawrence-burg [sic]

Diary of William A. Sloan, September 5, 1864.




[1] See also: Rebellion Record, Vol. 3. pp. 23-24.

[2] Not identified.

[3] Not listed in Dyer's Battle Index for Tennessee.

[4] See also: September 1-12, 1864, Pursuit of Wheeler by Rousseau above.

[5] Campbellsville is in Giles County, east of Lawrenceburg.

James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214

(615)-770-1090 ext. 123456

(615)-532-1549  FAX


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