Sunday, July 7, 2013

7/7/2013 Tennessee Civil War Notes

7, "You will use your endeavors to cultivate a conservative, friendly feeling with the people where you may be." Pacification instructions to Federals upon occupation of Brownsville


Col. L. OZBURN, Comdg. Expedition:

You will proceed at once with your command to Brownsville and make that place the base of your operations and encamp there until otherwise ordered. You will enforce strict discipline and order in your camp by keeping your command together and not allowing them to straggle outside your lines. You will use your utmost endeavors to protect the rights of private property, suffering nothing to be taken except what is absolutely necessary for your command, and then only by paying or agreeing to pay to the owner a just compensation for the same. You will keep a vigilant [guard] posted around your camp to prevent surprise, and also to prevent your command from straggling outside the lines. Information has just been received that a force of some 300 of the enemy (Jackson's cavalry) are in the vicinity of where you will be and beyond you. You will use active measures to take them, if in your power, without hazarding your command, upon receipt of information that you may receive at any time respecting them or their movements, and you will co-operate with Maj. Wallace, of the cavalry. You will use your endeavors to cultivate a conservative, friendly feeling with the people where you may be. You will report to me your operations from time to time and any other information that you may see proper to communicate to these headquarters.

By command of Brig. Gen. J. A. Logan:

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 17, pt. II, p. 80.




7, Army of Tennessee completes retreat to Chattanooga

HDQRS. ARMY OF TENNESSEE, VIA CHATTANOOGA, July 7, 1863. (Received July 8.)

Since my report from Bridgeport, the whole army has crossed the Tennessee. The pursuit of the enemy was checked and driven back at University Place, on the Cumberland Mountains. Our movement was attended with trifling loss of men and materials.


OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, pt. I, p. 584.[1]




7, Wheeler and Forrest patrol above and below Kelly's Ford on Tennessee River to prevent desertion


Chattanooga, July 7, 1863:

I. Maj. Gen. Wheeler will picket the Tennessee River below Kelly's Ford; Brig.-Gen. Forest above that fort. The fords will be strictly watched to prevent desertion [from the Army of Tennessee.]

* * * *

By command of Gen. Bragg

OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, pt. II, p. 902.


7, Tennessee Laurel Tories Attack Civilians in North Carolina

From Western North Carolina.-A correspondent of the Asheville News, writing from Madison county, N.C. says:

As you are aware, the citizens of this section have suffered enormously, within the last twelve months, at the hands of the "Laurel Tories." Scarcely a week has passed that has not witnessed the robbery of some poor soldier's family, or the murder of a good soldier or citizen. Several families have been so thoroughly robbed that actual suffering, and almost starvation, has been the consequence. Others, to escape murder and starvation and believing "discretion to be the better part of valor:" moved with their goods and chattels to more congenial climes.

By the way, let me relate an instance of great suffering and patriotic endurance. "Old Bill Shelton," of Laurel notoriety, in company with a part of history band, went to the house of a respectable citizen, who lived just over the line in Washington county, Tenn., and after murdering the landlord and his son, robbed the family of everything valuable on the place. They even stripped the clothing from the backs of the children. All this, too, when the landlady was confined to bed with an infant only one week old! This same family is now destitute of everything necessary to their health and comfort; and can scarcely obtain food enough to keep soul and body together. In a conversation with this lady in reference to her sufferings and sacrifices, she quietly remarked to the writer that we would not know how to appreciate liberty unless we made sacrifices to obtain it; that no sacrifice, however great, would be withheld by her, if necessary to the achievement of our independence; that, if necessary, she would lay her own body beside those of her murdered husband and son, as a sacrifice in the great cause of freedom. Noble woman! Would to God that every heart in the land beat in patriotic unison with her's.

The name of this heroine of East Tennessee would be given, but for reasons best known and understood by those living where she lives.

Fayetteville Observer, (Fayetteville, NC) July 07, 1864. [2]


[1] Not listed in Dyer's Battle Index for Tennessee.

[2] TSL&A, 19th CN.

James B. Jones, Jr.

Public Historian

Tennessee Historical Commission

2941 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN  37214

(615)-532-1550  x115

(615)-532-1549  FAX


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