Wednesday, May 21, 2014

5.22.14 Tennesee Civil War Notes

        22, Flag waving in Memphis
Scandalous.—The people passing along Main street between six and seven o'clock last evening were disgusted by the exhibition of a drunken fellow driving in an open barouche with four of those creatures of whom the poet significantly wrote: "A shameless woman is the worst of man," who were also under the influence of liquor. Along the whole length of the more business part of Main street they past shouting, laughing uproariously, vociferating remarks upon individuals in the street, and as if this was not enough to call the public stare down upon them, waving a flag as they went along. Officer Sullivan overtook them beyond Winchester street and brought women and driver to the station house and locked them up.
Memphis Daily Appeal, May 23, 1861.
22, Deceased infant discovered in Memphis
Dead Child Found.—Last evening, near the Market street bridge, a newborn child, dead and wrapped in a blanket, which was covered with some bricks and stones, was found in a ravine. No attempt had been made to bury the little one, and it had evidently been but recently placed where it was found. It is natural to expect that a case like the present is the result of illicit intercourse, but, as we some time ago explained to our readers, on the authority of a public medical official, the secretary of the board of health, still born children are often surreptitiously disposed of in this city on account of the outrageous expense attending burial in the regular cemeteries. The practice of such revolting acts will only be abandoned when the city council do as other cities and provide a potter's field where the poor can have free burial and the working population have sepulture at prices within their means.
Memphis Daily Appeal, May 23, 1861.

        22, Letter from Colonel Fitch, U. S. Army, to Flag-Officer Davis, U. S. Navy, requesting the use of a tug for a feint up Forked Deer River
SIR: Please let the bearer, Captain Schermerhorn, have the use of the tug Spitfire or such tug as has the mounted howitzer on it.
It is to be used as a feint up the Forked Deer River.
I remain, very respectfully yours,
G. N. FITCH, Colonel, Commanding Brigade.
Captain DAVIS. Commanding Flotilla.
Navy OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, p. 104.

        22, Report on the Union Convention in Nashville, May 12, 1862[1]
The Union Convention held at Nashville on the 12th was numerous and respectable in its constituents. The speeches were the most patriotic kind, and the speakers were among the most respectable and eminent citizens of the State-such men as Governor Andrew Johnson, Colonel William H. Polk, General Campbell, Messrs. W. B. Stokes, W.H. Wisener, Edmund Cooper – and the patriotic resolutions, which we print below, were adopted without dissent. A committee of five was appointed to prepare an address to the people of the State; and the unswerving and vigorous policy of Governor Johnson was "cordially approved." Thus Tennessee, which was loyal [a] by sixty thousand majority last spring, once more proves her loyalty, as soon as the grasp of the usurper is taken off her people, and the Government at Washington proves is purpose to be a restoration  of rights, not an abrogation of them. Read the preamble and resolutions of this great meeting:
["]Whereas it is manifest to the most unreflecting that whilst the State of Tennessee was an integral part of the Government of the Unites States, its citizens were in the enjoyment of the full protection of life, liberty, and property, under the Constituton of the United States, and the laws passed in accordance therewith, and all of their material and political interest were watchful and careful guarded by laws, introduced by Southern men-representative of our selection, identified thoroughly with all the interest of our people- which laws were decided to be constitution by the Supreme Court of the United States, the constitutional tribunal to decide all such questions;
And whereas, because of the election constitutionally of a President of the United States, who received no support in the State of Tennessee, and the effort of that President to maintain the integrity of the Union, and enforce the laws against armed resistance, our people, in common with the people of other States, were precipitated into a revolution – resorting to the arbitrament [sic]  of arms for the settlement of our political differences, instead of the peaceable remedies provided by the Constitution;
And where as it is evident that the authority of the Federal Government is now exerted over this part of Tennessee, and will be a short time extended over the entire State, and it is the duty of every citizen so to act as to free ourselves from the consequences of internecine war and return to the Government which is willing and able to protect us:
Therefore, be it resolved by a portion of the people of Tennessee in Convention assembled –
1.   That the social, political, and material interests of the people of Tennessee, and the safety and welfare of our friends and relatives now in the Confederate army, imperiously demand the restoration of the State to her former relations with the Federal Union.
2.   That all good citizens who concur with us in this opinion are earnestly invited to co-operate in the accomplishment of this object, so vital to our future peace and happiness.
3.   3That the chairman of this meeting appoint a committee of three, to take into consideration the condition of the prisoners of war from Tennessee now held in custody by the Government, and endeavor to obtain their release and return to their allegiance, upon terms alike compatible with the interests of the Government and the honor of the soldier.
4.   That the forbearance, moderation, and gentlemanly deportment of the officers and soldiers of the Federal army, since their occupation of Tennessee, challenge of highest admiration.
5.   That his meeting most cordially approve of the address made to the people of Tennessee by his Excellency Andrew Johnson, dated March 18, 1862, and the policy of his administration since that time
6.   That a committee of five be appointed by the Chairman, which shall prepare an address to the people of Tennessee expressive of the objects of the meeting.
This is the feeling and spirit evoked by Gov. Johnson's course – the feeling and spirit which will soon redeem a noble State from a false and unnatural position, and render her again one of the pillars of the Constitution. It is this feeling and spirit which will win back the deluded young men who have been seduced into the ranks of the rebel cause and army.
Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, DC) May 22, 1862.

        22, Skirmish at Yellow Creek
MAY 22, 1863.- Skirmish on Yellow Creek, Tenn.
Report of Col. William W. Lowe, Fifth Iowa Cavalry.
FORT DONELSON, May 23, 1863.
SIR: Have just returned. Yesterday some of my cavalry, under Maj. Baird, had a skirmish with the rebels. Some of Cox's command, on Yellow Creek, about 4 miles from our camp, routed and chased them for 12 miles, capturing 7 prisoners. Loss not known. On our side Capt. Paul, Fifth Iowa Cavalry, slightly [wounded]. To-day we were fired upon, wounding Lieut. Beatty, Fifth Iowa Cavalry, and 1 man severely. Chased them for several miles, but did not catch them. In both cases the rebels were in ambush. Have given orders to take no more prisoners. Received order while out; will come by first chance. Rebels reported in force near. Don't believe it.
W. W. LOWE, Col., Cmdg.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, pp. 346-347.

        22, Ambush near Middleton
HDQRS. FIRST BRIGADE, SECOND CAVALRY DIVISION, Camp near Murfreesborough, Tenn., May 23, 1863.
SIR: In accordance with General Orders, No. 7, from division headquarters, I formed my brigade on Salem pike at 8.30 p. m. on the 21st instant, and reported to the general commanding, who directed me to take the advance. The Fourth U. S. Cavalry formed the advance of my brigade, Lieut. O'Connell, of that regiment, with Companies D and I, forming the advance guard.
After a long and tedious march, the column being on the move the entire night, we approached Middleton at daylight, [22nd]....A few shots were exchanged with the pickets, whom we followed up as rapidly as possible.
When directly east of Middleton....skirmishing soon commenced....I had a small force, which I kept with me as a reserve.
....The prisoners having been collected and the camps destroyed, Maj.-Gen. Stanley ordered me to take the advance and return to Murfreesborough by the Murfreesborough and Middleton road.
When about 5 miles from Middleton, Gen. Stanley ordered me to place a regiment in ambush, to check the rebels, who were following and harassing the rear guard. I placed the Fourth Michigan in ambush, with an open field in front of them, and here they effectually stopped the advance of the enemy.
* * * *
The brigade captured 70 prisoners, 3 of whom are commissioned officers.
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
ROBT. H. G. MINTY, Col., Cmdg. Brigade.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, pt. I, pp. 336-337.

Excerpt from the Report of Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, Gen.-in-Chief, U. S. Army, of operations in the Departments of the Ohio and of the Cumberland, February 3-July 26, 1863, relative to a Federal raid upon Middleton, May 22, 1863.
* * * *
On the 22d of May, Maj.-Gen. Stanley made a raid upon Middleton, capturing 80 prisoners, 300 horses, 600 stand of arms, and other property.
* * * *
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, pt. I, p. 7.

        22, "Improvements about Nashville."
It is scarcely possible for one man to keep pace with the improvements made and making in and around this city. The laws in regard to the construction of frame houses are a dead letter, for everywhere, west, north and south, frame buildings are being erected, additions made to others, barns and stables converted into stores and dwellings, and the march is still onward. Every nook and corner in the business part of this city, that can be bought or hired at any price, no matter how exorbitant, I taken possession of, and in a few days a store of some kind is erected. Even the rocky hill beyond Spruce street, between Cedar and Church streets, is rapidly filling up with grocers, confectioners, sutlers, dwellings, etc., beyond the trestle work is a range of two story frame buildings erected by the Government. On Cedar street, the Square, College, Market, Union, and Cherry streets, owners of property could sell at the rate of a bushel of greenbacks per foot, with a peck or two thrown in if necessary. Everybody seems to be overburdened with money, and yet they are desirous of making more.
Nashville Dispatch, May 22, 1864.

        ca. 22, ex-Confederates reconcile with the recent past in Memphis gathering
A singular meeting in Memphis, Tenn., a few days ago, composed of Southern men, lately identified with the rebel cause, now anxious for the complete restoration of the Union. The President was Judge Swayne, who took a leading secession stand in 1861. In speaking of the result of the war he said:
"The lesson briefly is, it is God's will. He setteth up one and pulleth down another. He reigneth in the armies of men. And what is this will in detail? Answer the question in answering what were the issued of the great civil war? (for, in legal contemplation in international law, it is neither an insurrection nor a rebellion, but a civil war.
1st. That country must be and remain one, undivided.
2nd. That property in the negro shall cease. I do not think that more than these were the objects of war, or will be insisted upon by the voice of the country.
Are you prepared to accept these as the issues decided by the war? Why not? Can you change them? Acceptable or not, they must be accepted. They are the arbitrament of war, whose decrees are as stern and unrelenting as its voice."
He concluded his speech as follows:
"And let us love again the things that Washington loved, and go forward, as a people, to a grander and loftier destiny, purified in the very fires that have seemed as if they would consume us. Away with longer strife, with further contention: woo the spirit of conciliation and not of vengeance and vindictiveness; be brothers again, and, to all this, invoke the aid of the Prince of Peace, and lean upon the arm that encircles men and nations."
He was followed by Col. Grace of Arkansas, who began as follows:
"Fellow citizens: I am the man who drew up the ordinance of secession in the Legislature of Arkansas: I have been in the field, fighting against the Union for nearly four years; but now I am conquered and a whipped man. (Laughter.) As I was gallant in going out to fight, I now propose to be gallant at surrendering and submitting to the arms of the Government we cannot whip. (Laughter.) I have no contempt for Federal authority now, if I ever had."
Resolutions were adopted declaring it to be the duty and interest of Southern men to return to their allegiance, and that the United States ought to be as magnanimous to forgive as she is powerful to punish.
Farmers' Cabinet, May 25, 1865.

[1] See above: May 12, 1862"TRAITORS' CONVENTION AT NASHVILLE."

James B. Jones, Jr.
Public Historian
Tennessee Historical Commission
2941 Lebanon Road
Nashville, TN  37214
(615)-532-1550  x115
(615)-532-1549  FAX

No comments: