16, Ten pins, mineral water, the Raleigh hotel and fresh air
Raleigh Mineral Springs!
The Springs have been placed in fine condition, and are now offered to the public as a balm for many of the ills to which flesh is heir.
A partial analysis of the waters shows the presence, in happy proportions, of Iron, Magnesia, Sulphur, Alumina, Sodium, etc., etc., all admirable adapted for the relief of persons afflicted with derangements of the bowels and stomach, as well as affections of the skin.
These Springs are different from any heretofore known in this vicinity, being discovered last summer on the north-west, and in the town of Raleigh, Shelby county, Tennessee.
A beautiful Pavilion adorns the ground, and a splendid Tenpin Alley affords healthful amusement to the visitors.
P. M. Stanley, late of Memphis, has charge of the springs, and having refitted and put the Raleigh Hotel in good repair, is now ready to accommodate all who may seek health or desire a pleasant sojourn in a country village.
This is a fine place for the families of soldiers in service. Charges reasonable.
P. M. Stanley.
Memphis Daily Appeal, June 16, 1861.
16, Confederate Martial Strength in West Tennessee
TROOPS IN AND ABOUT MEMPHIS.
The Chicago Tribune:-A gentleman formerly of this city, who has been residing in Memphis something more than a year, places us in possession of some important facts in and about that hotbed of treason, from which he escaped on Friday night last. The information he brings may be fully replied [sic] upon. There are no troops and no batteries in Memphis, except an inconsiderable Home Guard. A single cannon is mounted on the bluff for the purpose of stopping boats. The defence of the city is trusted holly to Forts Wright and Randolph, some distance … on the left bank of the Mississippi, and a force of about 4,000 men at Union city, on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. The entire force available for repelling an advance from Cairo is stated as follows, and is doubtless greatly exaggerated:
Union City, Tenn
Forts Wright and Randolph,
Camp Rector, Arkansas
New York Herald, June 16, 1861. 
16, Federal reconnaissance from Union Depot to Germantown
JACKSON, June 21, 1862.
Gen. Wallace reports that Capt. Burbridge made a cavalry reconnaissance from Union Depot, 13 miles, to Germantown on the 16th instant; that as the advance cavalry entered the rebel pickets left the town, and that a large force of the cavalry were reported to be near, supported by heavy body of troops from Holly Springs; that Col. Slack, at Memphis, corroborates the report, and that, both hearing that Memphis was to be attacked, he had moved with his detachment from Union Depot to Memphis. I have no corroboration of this report from an officer from Grand Junction, Moscow, LaGrange, or Holly Springs; it may be you are more fully advise. Shall I not let Gen. Wallace remain in Memphis for the present, under instructions to continue to guard the roads, and if necessary to take command of post?
JOHN A. McCLERNAND, Maj.-Gen.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 17, pt. II, p. 21.
16, Ex-Governor of Tennessee Neill S. Brown's comments against the war, Confederacy, cotton burning and conscription
A Voice from Tennessee. The late governor of Tennessee, the Hon. Neil[l] S. Brown, who earnestly assisted secession when it was first threatened, has been fired by a sense of duty to himself to denounce it as a dead failure, and to hold up the measures which have been resorted to maintain it as inhuman and disgraceful. A single extract from his speech at Columbia, Tennessee, on the 2d instant will suffice:
["]I want this war stopped! Whose heart has not dropped blood that has a son in the Southern army? I know something of that unspeakable sorrow. Think of this, you who stay at home and bluster about whipping Yankees and establishing a Southern Confederacy. Let us stop this wanton, hopeless war. I would say this now, even though I had been in the habit of eating fire five times a day. It is ruining us. The rebels are burning up the cotton. Why, in the name of reason, why? Don't it impoverish the people and the government? Don't it kill their credit and their banks? Don't it ruin our hoped abroad? Then his conscription law. I will not swallow it until I swallow aloes, gall, and wormwood. It is a base fraud upon those brave boys who had enlisted for a year, and who were packing their dear mementoes of home in their knapsacks when this infamously tyrannical law came to arrest them on the eve of their departure and drive them back, in violation of all faith, into the hardships and suffering of a soldier's life.["]
Lowell Daily Citizen and News (Lowell, MA) June 16, 1862
16, Skirmish in Powell Valley, 15 miles from Jacksboro, Tennessee
SOMERSET, June 19, 1863.
Col. Reily, of the One hundred and fourth Ohio, telegraphed from Mount Vernon that some of the men who were with Col. Gilbert say that he and Col. Sanders passed through Big Creek Gap at 2 p. m. on Tuesday [16th], and went into Powell's Valley. They had a slight skirmish 15 miles this side of Jacksborough. I am sending orders.
S. P. Carter, Brig.-Gen.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 23, pt. II, p. 439.
16, Execution of a Federal soldier for desertion near Murfreesboro
The...day which afforded me the opportunity of witnessing one of the most solemn scenes known to mortals was the hottest one that had yet occurred in the season.
Early in the day our Division was marched out to a large field and placed in the form of a hollow square with one of the lines of the square left vacant.
Hundreds of spectators were on the ground to witness the execution, and but for the nature of the scenes that were about to take place I could have relished much better the imposing appearance of the Brigades as they respectively moved on en masse into their respective positions. After waiting a considerable time the ambulance supposed to be conveying the prisoner hove in sight accompanied by the Provost Guard: but judge of our surprise when as they approached nearer we saw the prisoner, entirely unsupported, walking with a firm and steady step between two of the guards, and seeming entirely unaffected by thought of the trying ordeal through he must directly pass, and the bare thought of which had already made me almost sick. Oh awful thought-to see a man who was soon to pass the broad gulf that separates Time from Eternity, and who will soon enter the dread uncertainties of the awful Hereafter, and there to live by the past and not the future: and yet he appears so little concerned. Before leaving Headquarters and when the officer of the guard proposed to place him in an ambulance; [sic] he remarks "O no, I think a walk will make me feel better."
The guard entered the square and commenced to make the circuit of the whole of the inner columns. The prisoner closely attended by guards and supported by Lieutenant. Pipkin (Co. A) and Chaplain Smith proceeded immediately by his coffin, and accompanied by the solemn tones of the band playing the "Dead March" and with his head slightly bowed but with a firm step followed around the whole square without the least faltering in his step. I took one glance at him and turned heartsick from the scene, anxiously contemplating the awful scene that must follow, and which I would be almost compelled to witness.
The Circuit completed and the prisoner placed about the center of the open side of the square, a short prayer was uttered by the Chaplain and thus the prisoner was secured to his coffin in a sitting position and the twelve were marched up a short distance in front of him and brought to a front.
I involuntarily turned my eyes away from the scene and waited several seconds which seemed like hours, of the most tormenting suspense when the almost death-like silence was broke by one of the poorest and most irregular volleys I ever heard, and a glance toward the prisoner told me he was no more. As I stood a moment as if in breathless suspense and then a long breath apparently from each one broke the spell of suspense and immediately we were deployed and formed into columns of companies and marched in this order over by the spot where the victim lay and then filed off toward the camp.
A great many executions of this kind occurred during our stay in Murfreesboro....
Boy in Blue, pp. 166-167.
16, A Case of disorderly conduct in the Nashville Recorder's Court
* * * *
Nancy Knight and Florence Jenkins were charged with disorderly conduct. Mrs. Prope said that Florence and another woman went to her house with a pin dress and a bottle of whisky on, and that about twenty men came piling after her at night. Both discharged.
Nashville Dispatch, June 16, 1864.
16, The Refugee Situation in the Knoxville Environs
This part of East Tennessee is now left to the mercy of the rebel bush-whackers and guerrillas--who are robbing the women and children of what little Longstreet's bands of thieves did not deprive them. Old gray-haired men are fleeing from their homes to the Union lines to seek protection; and such of the women and children as are able to stand the long, fatiguing journeys on foot--such things as horses or vehicles of conveyance of any kind having long since been appropriated by the rebel authorities--even to old blind horses. We saw and conversed with many refugees who arrived in Knoxville at or about the same time we did, whose description of affairs in these unprotected counties is of the most awful and heart-rending nature.
Nashville Daily Union, June 16, 1864.
16, "How far you have violated the rules of civilized warfare, I am to able to say."
Correspondence relative to the case of guerrilla chief "Club-foot" Captain Clinton Fort
HDQRS. DISTRICT OF WEST TENNESSEE, Memphis, Tenn., May 16, 1865.
Capt. CLINTON FORT, Company G, C. S. Army:
Your communication of the 8th instant, with inclosures, has been received. The information which I have received heretofore in regard to you and your company was to the effect that you were guerrillas and acting without authority. This information was in part derived from Confederated sources that ought to know. The papers you inclose indicate that up to March you had some show of authority for being in this neighborhood. How far you have violated the rules of civilized warfare, I am not able to say. Perhaps not at all. If so, injustice has been done you. I infer from your letter that you and your men wish to be treated like the troops of Gen. Taylor, and be paroled and allowed to go home. The only objection to this is that you are charged with the commission of crimes unauthorized by civilized warfare, but this you deny. If you and your men come in, surrender, and receive paroles, you will be allowed to go to your homes and remain unmolested, but this will not exempt you from punishment for anything you may have done not authorized by civilized warfare. If your letter is truthful, you will incur no hazard in delivering yourself up.
C. C. WASHBURN, Maj.-Gen.
OR, Ser. I, Vol. 49, pt. II, pp. 809-810.
 As cited in PQCW.
 1847 to 1849.
 Apparently a dress held together with pins with an open bodice.
 As cited in: http://www.uttyl.edu/vbetts.
James B. Jones, Jr.
Tennessee Historical Commission
2941 Lebanon Road
Nashville, TN 37214
(615)-770-1090 ext. 123456